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Policy Entropy for Out-of-Distribution Classification

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

One critical prerequisite for the deployment of reinforcement learning systems in the real world is the ability to reliably detect situations on which the agent was not trained. Such situations could lead to potential safety risks when wrong predictions lead to the execution of harmful actions. In this work, we propose PEOC, a new policy entropy based out-of-distribution classifier that reliably detects unencountered states in deep reinforcement learning. It is based on using the entropy of an agent's policy as the classification score of a one-class classifier. We evaluate our approach using a procedural environment generator. Results show that PEOC is highly competitive against state-of-the-art one-class classification algorithms on the evaluated environments. Furthermore, we present a structured process for benchmarking out-of-distribution classification in reinforcement learning.


Out-of-Distribution Detection using Multiple Semantic Label Representations

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Deep Neural Networks are powerful models that attained remarkable results on a variety of tasks. These models are shown to be extremely efficient when training and test data are drawn from the same distribution. However, it is not clear how a network will act when it is fed with an out-of-distribution example. In this work, we consider the problem of out-of-distribution detection in neural networks. We propose to use multiple semantic dense representations instead of sparse representation as the target label. Specifically, we propose to use several word representations obtained from different corpora or architectures as target labels. We evaluated the proposed model on computer vision, and speech commands detection tasks and compared it to previous methods. Results suggest that our method compares favorably with previous work. Besides, we present the efficiency of our approach for detecting wrongly classified and adversarial examples.


Out-of-Distribution Detection using Multiple Semantic Label Representations

Neural Information Processing Systems

Deep Neural Networks are powerful models that attained remarkable results on a variety of tasks. These models are shown to be extremely efficient when training and test data are drawn from the same distribution. However, it is not clear how a network will act when it is fed with an out-of-distribution example. In this work, we consider the problem of out-of-distribution detection in neural networks. We propose to use multiple semantic dense representations instead of sparse representation as the target label. Specifically, we propose to use several word representations obtained from different corpora or architectures as target labels. We evaluated the proposed model on computer vision, and speech commands detection tasks and compared it to previous methods. Results suggest that our method compares favorably with previous work. Besides, we present the efficiency of our approach for detecting wrongly classified and adversarial examples.


Out-of-Distribution Detection using Multiple Semantic Label Representations

Neural Information Processing Systems

Deep Neural Networks are powerful models that attained remarkable results on a variety of tasks. These models are shown to be extremely efficient when training and test data are drawn from the same distribution. However, it is not clear how a network will act when it is fed with an out-of-distribution example. In this work, we consider the problem of out-of-distribution detection in neural networks. We propose to use multiple semantic dense representations instead of sparse representation as the target label. Specifically, we propose to use several word representations obtained from different corpora or architectures as target labels. We evaluated the proposed model on computer vision, and speech commands detection tasks and compared it to previous methods. Results suggest that our method compares favorably with previous work. Besides, we present the efficiency of our approach for detecting wrongly classified and adversarial examples.


Adaptive Regularization via Residual Smoothing in Deep Learning Optimization

arXiv.org Machine Learning

We present an adaptive regularization algorithm that can be effectively applied to the optimization problem in deep learning framework. Our regularization algorithm aims to take into account the fitness of data to the current state of model in the determination of regularity to achieve better generalization. The degree of regularization at each element in the target space of the neural network architecture is determined based on the residual at each optimization iteration in an adaptive way. Our adaptive regularization algorithm is designed to apply a diffusion process driven by the heat equation with spatially varying diffusivity depending on the probability density function following a certain distribution of residual. Our data-driven regularity is imposed by adaptively smoothing a simplified objective function in which the explicit regularization term is omitted in an alternating manner between the evaluation of residual and the determination of the degree of its regularity. The effectiveness of our algorithm is empirically demonstrated by the numerical experiments in the application of image classification problems, indicating that our algorithm outperforms other commonly used optimization algorithms in terms of generalization using popular deep learning models and benchmark datasets.