Item Recommendation with Evolving User Preferences and Experience

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Current recommender systems exploit user and item similarities by collaborative filtering. Some advanced methods also consider the temporal evolution of item ratings as a global background process. However, all prior methods disregard the individual evolution of a user's experience level and how this is expressed in the user's writing in a review community. In this paper, we model the joint evolution of user experience, interest in specific item facets, writing style, and rating behavior. This way we can generate individual recommendations that take into account the user's maturity level (e.g., recommending art movies rather than blockbusters for a cinematography expert). As only item ratings and review texts are observables, we capture the user's experience and interests in a latent model learned from her reviews, vocabulary and writing style. We develop a generative HMM-LDA model to trace user evolution, where the Hidden Markov Model (HMM) traces her latent experience progressing over time -- with solely user reviews and ratings as observables over time. The facets of a user's interest are drawn from a Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) model derived from her reviews, as a function of her (again latent) experience level. In experiments with five real-world datasets, we show that our model improves the rating prediction over state-of-the-art baselines, by a substantial margin. We also show, in a use-case study, that our model performs well in the assessment of user experience levels.


I Am an Artificial "Hive Mind" called UNU. I correctly picked the Superfecta at the Kentucky Derby--the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th place horses in order. A reporter from TechRepublic bet 1 on my prediction and won 542. Today I'm answering questions about U.S. Politics. Ask me anything... • /r/IAmA

#artificialintelligence

I am excited to be here today for what is a Reddit first. This will be the first AMA in history to feature an Artificial "Hive Mind" answering your questions. You might have heard about me because I've been challenged by reporters to make lots of predictions. For example, Newsweek challenged me to predict the Oscars (link) and I was 76% accurate, which beat the vast majority of professional movie critics. I'm a Swarm Intelligence that links together lots of people into a real-time system – a brain of brains – that consistently outperforms the individuals who make me up.


The Morning After: Wednesday, May 10th 2017

Engadget

How's it gone so far? Microsoft's big annual conference kicks off today, and we've sniffed out what you can expect. We also get the full reveal of Amazon's Echo-with-a-screen. It's not pretty, but it does sound pretty smart. What to expect at Microsoft's Build 2017 conference While it's a mobile computing world, Microsoft has no shortage of projects we need to be updated on.


Visualizing Topics with Multi-Word Expressions

arXiv.org Machine Learning

We describe a new method for visualizing topics, the distributions over terms that are automatically extracted from large text corpora using latent variable models. Our method finds significant $n$-grams related to a topic, which are then used to help understand and interpret the underlying distribution. Compared with the usual visualization, which simply lists the most probable topical terms, the multi-word expressions provide a better intuitive impression for what a topic is "about." Our approach is based on a language model of arbitrary length expressions, for which we develop a new methodology based on nested permutation tests to find significant phrases. We show that this method outperforms the more standard use of $\chi^2$ and likelihood ratio tests. We illustrate the topic presentations on corpora of scientific abstracts and news articles.


Spotify smart speaker: Music service registers with FCC ready to launch hardware for the first time

Daily Mail - Science & tech

The music streaming service has registered with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), paving the way for it to sell hardware products for the first time. Without proper certification from the FCC, it is impossible to market or sell wireless products in the United States. Spotify has yet to submit any hardware for certification from the US government agency. The company has long been rumoured to be developing its own hardware, however, its registration with the FCC is the first evidence it is considering bringing products to market. Spotify CEO and co-founder Daniel Ek speaks on-stage during a recent announcement from the company.