Cross-Lingual Propagation for Deep Sentiment Analysis

AAAI Conferences

Across the globe, people are voicing their opinion in social media and various other online fora. Given such data, modern deep learning-based sentiment analysis methods excel at determining the sentiment polarity of what is being said about companies, products, etc. Unfortunately, such deep methods require significant training data, while for many languages, resources and training data are scarce. In this work, we present a cross-lingual propagation algorithm that yields sentiment embedding vectors for numerous languages. We then rely on a dual-channel convolutional neural architecture to incorporate them into the network. This allows us to achieve gains in deep sentiment analysis across a range of languages and domains.

Sentiment Analysis Using Dependency Trees and Named-Entities

AAAI Conferences

There is an increasing interest for valence and emotion sensing using a variety of signals. Text, as a communication channel, gathers a substantial amount of interest for recognizing its underlying sentiment (valence or polarity), affect or emotion (e.g. happy, sadness). We consider recognizing the valence of a sentence as a prior task to emotion sensing. In this article, we discuss our approach to classify sentences in terms of emotional valence. Our supervised system performs syntactic and semantic analysis for feature extraction. It processes the interactions between words in sentences by using dependency parse trees, and it can decide the current polarity of named-entities based on on-the-fly topic modeling. We compared 3 rule-based approaches and two supervised approaches (i.e. Naive Bayes and Maximum Entropy). We trained and tested our system using the SemEval-2007 affective text dataset, which contains news headlines extracted from news websites. Our results show that our systems outperform the systems demonstrated in SemEval-2007.

Sentiment Classification Using the Meaning of Words

AAAI Conferences

Sentiment Classification (SC) is about assigning a positive, negative or neutral label to a piece of text based on its overall opinion. This paper describes our in-progress work on extracting the meaning of words for SC. In particular, we investigate the utility of sense-level polarity information for SC. We first show that methods based on common classification features are not robust and their performance varies widely across different domains. We then show that sense-level polarity information features can significantly improve the performance of SC. We use datasets in different domains to study the robustness of the designated features. Our preliminary results show that the most common sense of the words result in the most robust results across different domains. In addition our observation shows that the sense-level polarity information is useful for producing a set of high-quality seed words which can be used for further improvement of SC task.

An Efficient Deep Neural Architecture for Multilingual Sentiment Analysis in Twitter

AAAI Conferences

Sentiment analysis of tweets is often monolingual and the models provided by machine learning classifiers are usually not applicable across distinct languages. Cross-language sentiment classification usually relies on machine translation strategies in which a source language is translated to the desired target language. Machine translation is costly and the provided results are limited by the quality of the translation that is performed. In this paper, we propose an efficient translation-free deep neural architecture for performing multilingual sentiment analysis of tweets. Our proposed approach benefits from a cost-effective character-based embedding and from optimized convolutions to learn from multiple distinct languages. The resulting model is capable of learning latent features from all languages used during training at once and it does not require any translation process to be performed whatsoever. We empirically evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the proposed approach in tweet corpora from four different languages and we show that it presents the best trade-off among four distinct state-of-the-art deep neural architectures for sentiment analysis.

Pars-ABSA: An Aspect-based Sentiment Analysis Dataset in Persian Machine Learning

Due to the increased availability of online reviews, sentiment analysis had been witnessed a booming interest from the researchers. Sentiment analysis is a computational treatment of sentiment used to extract and understand the opinions of authors. While many systems were built to predict the sentiment of a document or a sentence, many others provide the necessary detail on various aspects of the entity (i.e. aspect-based sentiment analysis). Most of the available data resources were tailored to English and the other popular European languages. Although Persian is a language with more than 110 million speakers, to the best of our knowledge, there is not any public dataset on aspect-based sentiment analysis in Persian. This paper provides a manually annotated Persian dataset, Pars-ABSA, which is verified by 3 native Persian speakers. The dataset consists of 5114 positive, 3061 negative and 1827 neutral data samples from 5602 unique reviews. Moreover, as a baseline, this paper reports the performance of some state-of-the-art aspect-based sentiment analysis methods with a focus on deep learning, on Pars-ABSA. The obtained results are impressive compared to similar English state-of-the-art.