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M-Statistic for Kernel Change-Point Detection

Neural Information Processing Systems

Detecting the emergence of an abrupt change-point is a classic problem in statistics and machine learning. Kernel-based nonparametric statistics have been proposed for this task which make fewer assumptions on the distributions than traditional parametric approach. However, none of the existing kernel statistics has provided a computationally efficient way to characterize the extremal behavior of the statistic. Such characterization is crucial for setting the detection threshold, to control the significance level in the offline case as well as the average run length in the online case. In this paper we propose two related computationally efficient M-statistics for kernel-based change-point detection when the amount of background data is large.


Change Point Detection by Cross-Entropy Maximization

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Many offline unsupervised change point detection algorithms rely on minimizing a penalized sum of segment-wise costs. We extend this framework by proposing to minimize a sum of discrepancies between segments. In particular, we propose to select the change points so as to maximize the cross-entropy between successive segments, balanced by a penalty for introducing new change points. We propose a dynamic programming algorithm to solve this problem and analyze its complexity. Experiments on two challenging datasets demonstrate the advantages of our method compared to three state-of-the-art approaches.


Explainable Unsupervised Change-point Detection via Graph Neural Networks

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Change-point detection (CPD) aims at detecting the abrupt property changes lying behind time series data. The property changes in a multivariate time series often result from highly entangled reasons, ranging from independent changes of variables to correlation changes between variables. Learning to uncover the reasons behind the changes in an unsupervised setting is a new and challenging task. Previous CPD methods usually detect change-points by a divergence estimation of statistical features, without delving into the reasons behind the detected changes. In this paper, we propose a correlation-aware dynamics model which separately predicts the correlation change and independent change by incorporating graph neural networks into the encoder-decoder framework. Through experiments on synthetic and real-world datasets, we demonstrate the enhanced performance of our model on the CPD tasks as well as its ability to interpret the nature and degree of the predicted changes.


Differentially Private Change-Point Detection

Neural Information Processing Systems

The change-point detection problem seeks to identify distributional changes at an unknown change-point k* in a stream of data. This problem appears in many important practical settings involving personal data, including biosurveillance, fault detection, finance, signal detection, and security systems. The field of differential privacy offers data analysis tools that provide powerful worst-case privacy guarantees. We study the statistical problem of change-point problem through the lens of differential privacy. We give private algorithms for both online and offline change-point detection, analyze these algorithms theoretically, and then provide empirical validation of these results.


Sequential detection of multiple change points in networks: a graphical model approach

arXiv.org Machine Learning

We propose a probabilistic formulation that enables sequential detection of multiple change points in a network setting. We present a class of sequential detection rules for certain functionals of change points (minimum among a subset), and prove their asymptotic optimality properties in terms of expected detection delay time. Drawing from graphical model formalism, the sequential detection rules can be implemented by a computationally efficient message-passing protocol which may scale up linearly in network size and in waiting time. The effectiveness of our inference algorithm is demonstrated by simulations.