Several multi-target regression methods were devel-oped in the last years aiming at improving predictive performanceby exploring inter-target correlation within the problem. However, none of these methods outperforms the others for all problems. This motivates the development of automatic approachesto recommend the most suitable multi-target regression method. In this paper, we propose a meta-learning system to recommend the best predictive method for a given multi-target regression problem. We performed experiments with a meta-dataset generated by a total of 648 synthetic datasets. These datasets were created to explore distinct inter-targets characteristics toward recommending the most promising method. In experiments, we evaluated four different algorithms with different biases as meta-learners. Our meta-dataset is composed of 58 meta-features, based on: statistical information, correlation characteristics, linear landmarking, from the distribution and smoothness of the data, and has four different meta-labels. Results showed that induced meta-models were able to recommend the best methodfor different base level datasets with a balanced accuracy superior to 70% using a Random Forest meta-model, which statistically outperformed the meta-learning baselines.
Milan, Anton (The University of Adelaide) | Rezatofighi, S. Hamid (The University of Adelaide) | Dick, Anthony (The University of Adelaide) | Reid, Ian (The University of Adelaide) | Schindler, Konrad (ETH Zurich)
We present a novel approach to online multi-target tracking based on recurrent neural networks (RNNs). Tracking multiple objects in real-world scenes involves many challenges, including a) an a-priori unknown and time-varying number of targets, b) a continuous state estimation of all present targets, and c) a discrete combinatorial problem of data association. Most previous methods involve complex models that require tedious tuning of parameters. Here, we propose for the first time, an end-to-end learning approach for online multi-target tracking. Existing deep learning methods are not designed for the above challenges and cannot be trivially applied to the task. Our solution addresses all of the above points in a principled way. Experiments on both synthetic and real data show promising results obtained at ~300 Hz on a standard CPU, and pave the way towards future research in this direction.
Hierarchical Modular Reinforcement Learning (HMRL), consists of 2 layered learning where Profit Sharing works to plan a prey position in the higher layer and Q-learning method trains the state-actions to the target in the lower layer. In this paper, we expanded HMRL to multi-target problem to take the distance between targets to the consideration. The function, called `AT field', can estimate the interests for an agent according to the distance between 2 agents and the advantage/disadvantage of the other agent. Moreover, the knowledge related to state-action rules is extracted by C4.5. The action under the situation is decided by using the acquired knowledge. To verify the effectiveness of proposed method, some experimental results are reported.
The Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) neural network based data association algorithm named as DeepDA for multi-target tracking in clutters is proposed to deal with the NP-hard combinatorial optimization problem in this paper. Different from the classical data association methods involving complex models and accurate prior knowledge on clutter density, filter covariance or associated gating etc, data-driven deep learning methods have been extensively researched for this topic. Firstly, data association mathematical problem for multitarget tracking on unknown target number, missed detection and clutter, which is beyond one-to-one mapping between observations and targets is redefined formally. Subsequently, an LSTM network is designed to learn the measurement-to-track association probability from radar noisy measurements and exist tracks. Moreover, an LSTM-based data-driven deep neural network after a supervised training through the BPTT and RMSprop optimization method can get the association probability directly. Experimental results on simulated data show a significant performance on association ratio, target ID switching and time-consuming for tracking multiple targets even they are crossing each other in the complicated clutter environment.