Many real world applications in medicine, biology, communication networks, web mining, and economics, among others, involve modeling and learning structured stochastic processes that evolve over continuous time. Existing approaches, however, have focused on propositional domains only. Without extensive feature engineering, it is difficult-if not impossible-to apply them within relational domains where we may have varying number of objects and relations among them. We therefore develop the first relational representation called Relational Continuous-Time Bayesian Networks (RCTBNs) that can address this challenge. It features a nonparametric learning method that allows for efficiently learning the complex dependencies and their strengths simultaneously from sequence data. Our experimental results demonstrate that RCTBNs can learn as effectively as state-of-the-art approaches for propositional tasks while modeling relational tasks faithfully.
Typical object detectors trained on images perform poorly on video, as there is a clear distinction in domain between the two types of data. In this paper, we tackle the problem of adapting object detectors learned from images to work well on videos. We treat the problem as one of unsupervised domain adaptation, in which we are given labeled data from the source domain (image), but only unlabeled data from the target domain (video). Our approach, self-paced domain adaptation, seeks to iteratively adapt the detector by re-training the detector with automatically discovered target domain examples, starting with the easiest first. At each iteration, the algorithm adapts by considering an increased number of target domain examples, and a decreased number of source domain examples.
Coming from the standard side, begun to use Bayes, speedily limiting it to designs with significantly less variables, notwithstanding the entice. Am not in lecturers but have for a lot of several years investigated style and design processes of complex objects these types of as engineering complex process vegetation. These processes have a guide-time from 12 to eighteen months. Purpose was to check on progress of variables that could suggest derailment of process. Felt cozy in applying posterior to update new prior, a 7 days afterwards, especially two months into the process.
Most current image categorization methods require large collections of manually annotated training examples to learn accurate visual recognition models. The time-consuming human labeling effort effectively limits these approaches to recognition problems involving a small number of different object classes. In order to address this shortcoming, in recent years several authors have proposed to learn object classifiers from weakly-labeled Internet images, such as photos retrieved by keyword-based image search engines. While this strategy eliminates the need for human supervision, the recognition accuracies of these methods are considerably lower than those obtained with fully-supervised approaches, because of the noisy nature of the labels associated to Web data. In this paper we investigate and compare methods that learn image classifiers by combining very few manually annotated examples (e.g., 1-10 images per class) and a large number of weakly-labeled Web photos retrieved using keyword-based image search. We cast this as a domain adaptation problem: given a few strongly-labeled examples in a target domain (the manually annotated examples) and many source domain examples (the weakly-labeled Web photos), learn classifiers yielding small generalization error on the target domain. Our experiments demonstrate that, for the same number of strongly-labeled examples, our domain adaptation approach produces significant recognition rate improvements over the best published results (e.g., 65% better when using 5 labeled training examples per class) and that our classifiers are one order of magnitude faster to learn and to evaluate than the best competing method, despite our use of large weakly-labeled data sets.
In programming by example, users "write" programs by generating a small number of input-output examples and asking the computer to synthesize consistent programs. We consider an unsolved problem in this domain: learning regular expressions (regexes) from positive and negative example strings. This problem is challenging, as (1) user-generated examples may not be informative enough to sufficiently constrain the hypothesis space, and (2) even if user-generated examples are in principle informative, there is still a massive search space to examine. We frame regex induction as the problem of inferring a probabilistic regular grammar and propose an efficient inference approach that uses a novel stochastic process recognition model. This model incrementally "grows" a grammar using positive examples as a scaffold. We show that this approach is competitive with human ability to learn regexes from examples.