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Learning Sentiment-Specific Word Embedding via Global Sentiment Representation

AAAI Conferences

Context-based word embedding learning approaches can model rich semantic and syntactic information. However, it is problematic for sentiment analysis because the words with similar contexts but opposite sentiment polarities, such as good and bad, are mapped into close word vectors in the embedding space. Recently, some sentiment embedding learning methods have been proposed, but most of them are designed to work well on sentence-level texts. Directly applying those models to document-level texts often leads to unsatisfied results. To address this issue, we present a sentiment-specific word embedding learning architecture that utilizes local context informationas well as global sentiment representation. The architecture is applicable for both sentence-level and document-level texts. We take global sentiment representation as a simple average of word embeddings in the text, and use a corruption strategy as a sentiment-dependent regularization. Extensive experiments conducted on several benchmark datasets demonstrate that the proposed architecture outperforms the state-of-the-art methods for sentiment classification.


Aspect-Based Sentiment Analysis Using Bitmask Bidirectional Long Short Term Memory Networks

AAAI Conferences

This paper introduces a new method to classify sentiment polarity for aspects in product reviews. We call it bitmask bidirectional long short term memory networks. It is based on long short term memory (LSTM) networks, which is a frequently mentioned model in natural language processing. Our proposed method uses a bitmask layer to keep attention on aspects. We evaluate it on reviews of restaurant and laptop domains from three popular contests: SemEval-2014 task 4, SemEval-2015 task 12, and SemEval-2016 task 5. It obtains competitive results with state-of-the-art methods based on LSTM networks. Furthermore, we demonstrate the benefit of using sentiment lexicons and word embeddings of a particular domain in aspect-based sentiment analysis.


Natural Language Processing Advancements By Deep Learning: A Survey

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Natural Language Processing (NLP) helps empower intelligent machines by enhancing a better understanding of the human language for linguistic-based human-computer communication. Recent developments in computational power and the advent of large amounts of linguistic data have heightened the need and demand for automating semantic analysis using data-driven approaches. The utilization of data-driven strategies is pervasive now due to the significant improvements demonstrated through the usage of deep learning methods in areas such as Computer Vision, Automatic Speech Recognition, and in particular, NLP. This survey categorizes and addresses the different aspects and applications of NLP that have benefited from deep learning. It covers core NLP tasks and applications and describes how deep learning methods and models advance these areas. We further analyze and compare different approaches and state-of-the-art models.


Targeted Aspect-Based Sentiment Analysis via Embedding Commonsense Knowledge into an Attentive LSTM

AAAI Conferences

Analyzing people’s opinions and sentiments towards certain aspects is an important task of natural language understanding. In this paper, we propose a novel solution to targeted aspect-based sentiment analysis, which tackles the challenges of both aspect-based sentiment analysis and targeted sentiment analysis by exploiting commonsense knowledge. We augment the long short-term memory (LSTM) network with a hierarchical attention mechanism consisting of a target-level attention and a sentence-level attention. Commonsense knowledge of sentiment-related concepts is incorporated into the end-to-end training of a deep neural network for sentiment classification. In order to tightly integrate the commonsense knowledge into the recurrent encoder, we propose an extension of LSTM, termed Sentic LSTM. We conduct experiments on two publicly released datasets, which show that the combination of the proposed attention architecture and Sentic LSTM can outperform state-of-the-art methods in targeted aspect sentiment tasks.


Twitter Sentiment on Affordable Care Act using Score Embedding

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Mohsen Farhadloo, PhD John Molson Scool of Business, Concordia University mohsen.farhadloo@concordia.ca August 21, 2019 Abstract In this paper we introduce score embedding, a neural network based model to learn interpretable vector representations for words. Score embedding is a supervised method that takes advantage of the labeled training data and the neural network architecture to learn interpretable representations for words. Health care has been a controversial issue between political parties in the United States. In this paper we use the discussions on Twitter regarding different issues of affordable care act to identify the public opinion about the existing health care plans using the proposed score embedding. Our results indicate our approach effectively incorporates the sentiment information and outperforms or is at least comparable to the state-of-the-art methods and the negative sentiment towards "TrumpCare" was consistently greater than neutral and positive sentiment over time. 1 Introduction Sentiment analysis as a type of text categorization is the task of identifying the sentiment orientation of documents written in natural language which assigns one of the predefined sentiment categories into a whole document or pieces of the document such as phrases or sentences [23, 8]. Many studies used binary classification and reported high performance [18, 29, 24] and some studies have observed that the performance of the categorization reduces as the number of sentiment categories increases [2, 16, 3, 11]. Bag-Of-Words (BOW), a standard approach for text categorization, represents a document by a vector that indicates the words that appear in the document.