NeuNetS: An Automated Synthesis Engine for Neural Network Design

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Application of neural networks to a vast variety of practical applications is transforming the way AI is applied in practice. Pre-trained neural network models available through APIs or capability to custom train pre-built neural network architectures with customer data has made the consumption of AI by developers much simpler and resulted in broad adoption of these complex AI models. While prebuilt network models exist for certain scenarios, to try and meet the constraints that are unique to each application, AI teams need to think about developing custom neural network architectures that can meet the tradeoff between accuracy and memory footprint to achieve the tight constraints of their unique use-cases. However, only a small proportion of data science teams have the skills and experience needed to create a neural network from scratch, and the demand far exceeds the supply. In this paper, we present NeuNetS : An automated Neural Network Synthesis engine for custom neural network design that is available as part of IBM's AI OpenScale's product. NeuNetS is available for both Text and Image domains and can build neural networks for specific tasks in a fraction of the time it takes today with human effort, and with accuracy similar to that of human-designed AI models.


ScarletNAS: Bridging the Gap Between Scalability and Fairness in Neural Architecture Search

arXiv.org Machine Learning

One-shot neural architecture search features fast training of a supernet in a single run. A pivotal issue for this weight-sharing approach is the lacking of scalability. A simple adjustment with identity block renders a scalable supernet but it arouses unstable training, which makes the subsequent model ranking unreliable. In this paper, we introduce linearly equivalent transformation to soothe training turbulence, providing with the proof that such transformed path is identical with the original one as per representational power. The overall method is named as SCARLET (SCAlable supeRnet with Linearly Equivalent Transformation). We show through experiments that linearly equivalent transformations can indeed harmonize the supernet training. With an EfficientNet-like search space and a multi-objective reinforced evolutionary backend, it generates a series of competitive models: Scarlet-A achieves 76.9% Top-1 accuracy on ImageNet which outperforms EfficientNet-B0 by a large margin; the shallower Scarlet-B exemplifies the proposed scalability which attains the same accuracy 76.3% as EfficientNet-B0 with much fewer FLOPs; Scarlet-C scores competitive 75.6% with comparable sizes. The models and evaluation code are released online https://github.com/xiaomi-automl/ScarletNAS .


Efficient Neural Architecture Transformation Search in Channel-Level for Object Detection

Neural Information Processing Systems

Recently, Neural Architecture Search has achieved great success in large-scale image classification. In contrast, there have been limited works focusing on architecture search for object detection, mainly because the costly ImageNet pretraining is always required for detectors. Training from scratch, as a substitute, demands more epochs to converge and brings no computation saving. To overcome this obstacle, we introduce a practical neural architecture transformation search(NATS) algorithm for object detection in this paper. Instead of searching and constructing an entire network, NATS explores the architecture space on the base of existing network and reusing its weights.


Hierarchical Representations for Efficient Architecture Search

arXiv.org Machine Learning

We explore efficient neural architecture search methods and show that a simple yet powerful evolutionary algorithm can discover new architectures with excellent performance. Our approach combines a novel hierarchical genetic representation scheme that imitates the modularized design pattern commonly adopted by human experts, and an expressive search space that supports complex topologies. Our algorithm efficiently discovers architectures that outperform a large number of manually designed models for image classification, obtaining top-1 error of 3.6% on CIFAR-10 and 20.3% when transferred to ImageNet, which is competitive with the best existing neural architecture search approaches. We also present results using random search, achieving 0.3% less top-1 accuracy on CIFAR-10 and 0.1% less on ImageNet whilst reducing the search time from 36 hours down to 1 hour.


ShuffleNASNets: Efficient CNN models through modified Efficient Neural Architecture Search

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Abstract--Neural network architectures found by sophistic search algorithms achieve strikingly good test performance, surpassing most human-crafted network models by significant margins. Although computationally efficient, their design is often very complex, impairing execution speed. Additionally, finding models outside of the search space is not possible by design. While our space is still limited, we implement undiscoverable expert knowledge into the economic search algorithm Efficient Neural Architecture Search (ENAS), guided by the design principles and architecture of ShuffleNet V2. While maintaining baselinelike 2.85%test error on CIFAR-10, our ShuffleNASNets are significantly less complex, require fewer parameters, and are two times faster than the ENAS baseline in a classification task.