Collaborating Authors

On the evolution of the instance level of DL-lite knowledge bases Artificial Intelligence

Recent papers address the issue of updating the instance level of knowledge bases expressed in Description Logic following a model-based approach. One of the outcomes of these papers is that the result of updating a knowledge base K is generally not expressible in the Description Logic used to express K. In this paper we introduce a formula-based approach to this problem, by revisiting some research work on formula-based updates developed in the '80s, in particular the WIDTIO (When In Doubt, Throw It Out) approach. We show that our operator enjoys desirable properties, including that both insertions and deletions according to such operator can be expressed in the DL used for the original KB. Also, we present polynomial time algorithms for the evolution of the instance level knowledge bases expressed in the most expressive Description Logics of the DL-lite family.

Data Complexity of Query Answering in Description Logics (Extended Abstract)

AAAI Conferences

We study the data complexity of answering conjunctive queries over Description Logic knowledge bases constituted by a TBox and an ABox. In particular, we are interested in characterizing the FO- rewritability and the polynomial tractability boundaries of conjunctive query answering, depending on the expressive power of the DL used to express the knowledge base. What emerges from our complexity analysis is that the Description Logics of the DL-Lite family are essentially the maximal logics allowing for conjunctive query answering through standard database technology.

A New Operator for ABox Revision in DL-Lite

AAAI Conferences

Details of our work can be found in the technical report, which is available at In this paper, we propose a new operator for revising ABoxes in DL-Lite ontologies.

Instance-Level Update in DL-Lite Ontologies through First-Order Rewriting

Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research

In this paper we study instance-level update in DL-LiteA , a well-known description logic that influenced the OWL 2 QL standard. Instance-level update regards insertions and deletions in the ABox of an ontology. In particular we focus on formula-based approaches to instance-level update. We show that DL-LiteA , which is well-known for enjoying first-order rewritability of query answering, enjoys a first-order rewritability property also for instance-level update. That is, every update can be reformulated into a set of insertion and deletion instructions computable through a non-recursive Datalog program with negation. Such a program is readily translatable into a first-order query over the ABox considered as a database, and hence into SQL. By exploiting this result, we implement an update component for DL-LiteA-based systems and perform some experiments showing that the approach works in practice.

How to Select One Preferred Assertional-Based Repair from Inconsistent and Prioritized DL-Lite Knowledge Bases?

AAAI Conferences

Managing inconsistency in DL-Lite knowledge bases where the assertional base is prioritized is a crucial problem in many applications. This is especially true when the assertions are provided by multiple sources having different reliability levels. This paper first reviews existing approaches for selecting preferred repairs. It then focuses on suitable strategies for handling inconsistency in DL-Lite knowledge bases. It proposes new approaches based on the selection of only one preferred repair. These strategies have as a starting point the so-called non-defeated repair and add one of the following principles: deductive closure, consistency, cardinality and priorities. Lastly, we provide a comparative analysis followed by an experimental evaluation of the studied approaches.