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Robust Deep Learning with Active Noise Cancellation for Spatial Computing

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

This paper proposes CANC, a Co-teaching Active Noise Cancellation method, applied in spatial computing to address deep learning trained with extreme noisy labels. Deep learning algorithms have been successful in spatial computing for land or building footprint recognition. However a lot of noise exists in ground truth labels due to how labels are collected in spatial computing and satellite imagery. Existing methods to deal with extreme label noise conduct clean sample selection and do not utilize the remaining samples. Such techniques can be wasteful due to the cost of data retrieval. Our proposed CANC algorithm not only conserves high-cost training samples but also provides active label correction to better improve robust deep learning with extreme noisy labels. We demonstrate the effectiveness of CANC for building footprint recognition for spatial computing.


NVIDIA Uses AI to Banish Noise from Images

#artificialintelligence

While modern digital cameras have made significant strides in shooting cleaner images at high ISOs, many photographers still do battle with image noise on a regular basis. Chip maker NVIDIA has just revealed a new technique, based on deep learning, that can quickly dispatch image noise. As NVIDIA explains, typical deep learning approaches have required training a neural network to recognize when a clean end state image should look like based on a series of noisy images. Armed with this information, the network can then take a fresh, noisy image and remove the noise. But NVIDIA's new technique works without needing to be feed samples of noisy images.


Learning to Learn from Noisy Labeled Data

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Despite the success of deep neural networks (DNNs) in image classification tasks, the human-level performance relies on massive training data with high-quality manual annotations, which are expensive and time-consuming to collect. There exist many inexpensive data sources on the web, but they tend to contain inaccurate labels. Training on noisy labeled datasets causes performance degradation because DNNs can easily overfit to the label noise. To overcome this problem, we propose a noise-tolerant training algorithm, where a meta-learning update is performed prior to conventional gradient update. The proposed meta-learning method simulates actual training by generating synthetic noisy labels, and train the model such that after one gradient update using each set of synthetic noisy labels, the model does not overfit to the specific noise. We conduct extensive experiments on the noisy CIFAR-10 dataset and the Clothing1M dataset. The results demonstrate the advantageous performance of the proposed method compared to several state-of-the-art baselines.


Which Strategies Matter for Noisy Label Classification? Insight into Loss and Uncertainty

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Label noise is a critical factor that degrades the generalization performance of deep neural networks, thus leading to severe issues in real-world problems. Existing studies have employed strategies based on either loss or uncertainty to address noisy labels, and ironically some strategies contradict each other: emphasizing or discarding uncertain samples or concentrating on high or low loss samples. To elucidate how opposing strategies can enhance model performance and offer insights into training with noisy labels, we present analytical results on how loss and uncertainty values of samples change throughout the training process. From the in-depth analysis, we design a new robust training method that emphasizes clean and informative samples, while minimizing the influence of noise using both loss and uncertainty. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our method with extensive experiments on synthetic and real-world datasets for various deep learning models. The results show that our method significantly outperforms other state-of-the-art methods and can be used generally regardless of neural network architectures.


Uncertainty Based Detection and Relabeling of Noisy Image Labels

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Deep neural networks (DNNs) are powerful tools in computer vision tasks. However, in many realistic scenarios label noise is prevalent in the training images, and overfitting to these noisy labels can significantly harm the generalization performance of DNNs. We propose a novel technique to identify data with noisy labels based on the different distributions of the predictive uncertainties from a DNN over the clean and noisy data. Additionally, the behavior of the uncertainty over the course of training helps to identify the network weights which best can be used to relabel the noisy labels. Data with noisy labels can therefore be cleaned in an iterative process. Our proposed method can be easily implemented, and shows promising performance on the task of noisy label detection on CIFAR-10 and CIFAR-100.