Once a rule base has been formulated a fuzzy inference strategy must be applied in order to combine grades of membership. Considerable time and effort is spent trying to determine the number of fuzzy sets for a given system while substantially less time is invested in obtaining the most suitable inference strategy. This paper investigates a number of theoretical proven fuzzy inference strategies in order to assess the impact of these strategies on the performance of a fuzzy rule based classifier system. A fuzzy inference framework is proposed, which allows the investigation of five pure theoretical fuzzy inference operators in two real world applications. An additional two novel fuzzy-neural strategies are proposed and a comparative study is undertaken. The results show that the selection of the most suitable inference strategy for a given domain can lead to a significant improvement in performance.

Andalib, Arash, Zare, Mehdi, Atry, Farid

A methodology for the development of a fuzzy expert system (FES) with application to earthquake prediction is presented. The idea is to reproduce the performance of a human expert in earthquake prediction. To do this, at the first step, rules provided by the human expert are used to generate a fuzzy rule base. These rules are then fed into an inference engine to produce a fuzzy inference system (FIS) and to infer the results. In this paper, we have used a Sugeno type fuzzy inference system to build the FES. At the next step, the adaptive network-based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) is used to refine the FES parameters and improve its performance. The proposed framework is then employed to attain the performance of a human expert used to predict earthquakes in the Zagros area based on the idea of coupled earthquakes. While the prediction results are promising in parts of the testing set, the general performance indicates that prediction methodology based on coupled earthquakes needs more investigation and more complicated reasoning procedure to yield satisfactory predictions.

We use princiles of fuzzy logic to develop a general model representing several processes in a system's operation characterized by a degree of vagueness and/or uncertainy. Further, we introduce three altenative measures of a fuzzy system's effectiveness connected to the above model. An applcation is also developed for the Mathematical Modelling process illustrating our results.

Higgins, Charles M., Goodman, Rodney M.

First, the membership functions and an initial rule representation are learned; second, the rules are compressed as much as possible using information theory; and finally, a computational networkis constructed to compute the function value. This system is applied to two control examples: learning the truck and trailer backer-upper control system, and learning a cruise control systemfor a radio-controlled model car. 1 Introduction Function approximation is the problem of estimating a function from a set of examples ofits independent variables and function value. If there is prior knowledge of the type of function being learned, a mathematical model of the function can be constructed and the parameters perturbed until the best match is achieved. However, ifthere is no prior knowledge of the function, a model-free system such as a neural network or a fuzzy system may be employed to approximate an arbitrary nonlinear function. A neural network's inherent parallel computation is efficient for speed; however, the information learned is expressed only in the weights of the network. The advantage of fuzzy systems over neural networks is that the information learnedis expressed in terms of linguistic rules. In this paper, we propose a method for learning a complete fuzzy system to approximate example data.

Samani, Zahra Riahi, Shamsfard, Mehrnoush

Conceptual formalism supported by typical ontologies may not be sufficient to represent uncertainty information which is caused due to the lack of clear cut boundaries between concepts of a domain. Fuzzy ontologies are proposed to offer a way to deal with this uncertainty. This paper describes the state of the art in developing fuzzy ontologies. The survey is produced by studying about 35 works on developing fuzzy ontologies from a batch of 100 articles in the field of fuzzy ontologies.