Structured Sparsity with Group-Graph Regularization

AAAI Conferences

In many learning tasks with structural properties, structural sparsity methods help induce sparse models, usually leading to better interpretability and higher generalization performance. One popular approach is to use group sparsity regularization that enforces sparsity on the clustered groups of features, while another popular approach is to adopt graph sparsity regularization that considers sparsity on the link structure of graph embedded features. Both the group and graph structural properties co-exist in many applications. However, group sparsity and graph sparsity have not been considered simultaneously yet. In this paper, we propose a g 2 -regularization that takes group and graph sparsity into joint consideration, and present an effective approach for its optimization. Experiments on both synthetic and real data show that, enforcing group-graph sparsity lead to better performance than using group sparsity or graph sparsity only.

Sparse Reduced Rank Regression With Nonconvex Regularization Machine Learning

In this paper, the estimation problem for sparse reduced rank regression (SRRR) model is considered. The SRRR model is widely used for dimension reduction and variable selection with applications in signal processing, econometrics, etc. The problem is formulated to minimize the least squares loss with a sparsity-inducing penalty considering an orthogonality constraint. Convex sparsity-inducing functions have been used for SRRR in literature. In this work, a nonconvex function is proposed for better sparsity inducing. An efficient algorithm is developed based on the alternating minimization (or projection) method to solve the nonconvex optimization problem. Numerical simulations show that the proposed algorithm is much more efficient compared to the benchmark methods and the nonconvex function can result in a better estimation accuracy.

Group and Graph Joint Sparsity for Linked Data Classification

AAAI Conferences

Various sparse regularizers have been applied to machine learning problems, among which structured sparsity has been proposed for a better adaption to structured data. In this paper, motivated by effectively classifying linked data (e.g. Web pages, tweets, articles with references, and biological network data) where a group structure exists over the whole dataset and links exist between specific samples, we propose a joint sparse representation model that combines group sparsity and graph sparsity, to select a small number of connected components from the graph of linked samples, meanwhile promoting the sparsity of edges that link samples from different groups in each connected component. Consequently, linked samples are selected from a few sparsely-connected groups. Both theoretical analysis and experimental results on four benchmark datasets show that the joint sparsity model outperforms traditional group sparsity model and graph sparsity model, as well as the latest group-graph sparsity model.

Learning the Number of Neurons in Deep Networks

Neural Information Processing Systems

Nowadays, the number of layers and of neurons in each layer of a deep network are typically set manually. While very deep and wide networks have proven effective in general, they come at a high memory and computation cost, thus making them impractical for constrained platforms. These networks, however, are known to have many redundant parameters, and could thus, in principle, be replaced by more compact architectures. In this paper, we introduce an approach to automatically determining the number of neurons in each layer of a deep network during learning. To this end, we propose to make use of a group sparsity regularizer on the parameters of the network, where each group is defined to act on a single neuron. Starting from an overcomplete network, we show that our approach can reduce the number of parameters by up to 80\% while retaining or even improving the network accuracy.

Linear convergence of SDCA in statistical estimation Machine Learning

In this paper, we consider stochastic dual coordinate (SDCA) {\em without} strongly convex assumption or convex assumption. We show that SDCA converges linearly under mild conditions termed restricted strong convexity. This covers a wide array of popular statistical models including Lasso, group Lasso, and logistic regression with $\ell_1$ regularization, corrected Lasso and linear regression with SCAD regularizer. This significantly improves previous convergence results on SDCA for problems that are not strongly convex. As a by product, we derive a dual free form of SDCA that can handle general regularization term, which is of interest by itself.