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On revising fuzzy belief bases

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

We look at the problem of revising fuzzy belief bases, i.e., belief base revision in which both formulas in the base as well as revision-input formulas can come attached with varying truth-degrees. Working within a very general framework for fuzzy logic which is able to capture a variety of types of inference under uncertainty, such as truth-functional fuzzy logics and certain types of probabilistic inference, we show how the idea of rational change from 'crisp' base revision, as embodied by the idea of partial meet revision, can be faithfully extended to revising fuzzy belief bases. We present and axiomatise an operation of partial meet fuzzy revision and illustrate how the operation works in several important special instances of the framework.


The Evolution of Machine Learning

#artificialintelligence

In recent years, the term'machine learning' has become very popular among developers and business alike, even though research in the field has been going on for decades. Essentially, machine learning is about teaching machines to learn concepts and techniques the way humans do. Earlier, machines were only able to think in boolean logic – having a stringent'yes' (1) or'no' (0) answer (output) to a question (input). This limited the type of questions one could ask a machine. Fuzzy logic systems were later introduced to address this particular issue by enabling machines to answer on a scale of values ranging from no to yes.


Reduction of fuzzy automata by means of fuzzy quasi-orders

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

In our recent paper we have established close relationships between state reduction of a fuzzy recognizer and resolution of a particular system of fuzzy relation equations. In that paper we have also studied reductions by means of those solutions which are fuzzy equivalences. In this paper we will see that in some cases better reductions can be obtained using the solutions of this system that are fuzzy quasi-orders. Generally, fuzzy quasi-orders and fuzzy equivalences are equally good in the state reduction, but we show that right and left invariant fuzzy quasi-orders give better reductions than right and left invariant fuzzy equivalences. We also show that alternate reductions by means of fuzzy quasi-orders give better results than alternate reductions by means of fuzzy equivalences. Furthermore we study a more general type of fuzzy quasi-orders, weakly right and left invariant ones, and we show that they are closely related to determinization of fuzzy recognizers. We also demonstrate some applications of weakly left invariant fuzzy quasi-orders in conflict analysis of fuzzy discrete event systems.


Toward Fuzzy block theory

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

This study, fundamentals of fuzzy block theory, and its application in assessment of stability in underground openings, has surveyed. Using fuzzy topics and inserting them in to key block theory, in two ways, fundamentals of fuzzy block theory has been presented. In indirect combining, by coupling of adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System (NFIS) and classic block theory, we could extract possible damage parts around a tunnel. In direct solution, some principles of block theory, by means of different fuzzy facets theory, were rewritten.


Unsupervised Fuzzy eIX: Evolving Internal-eXternal Fuzzy Clustering

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Time-varying classifiers, namely, evolving classifiers, play an important role in a scenario in which information is available as a never-ending online data stream. We present a new unsupervised learning method for numerical data called evolving Internal-eXternal Fuzzy clustering method (Fuzzy eIX). We develop the notion of double-boundary fuzzy granules and elaborate on its implications. Type 1 and type 2 fuzzy inference systems can be obtained from the projection of Fuzzy eIX granules. We perform the principle of the balanced information granularity within Fuzzy eIX classifiers to achieve a higher level of model understandability. Internal and external granules are updated from a numerical data stream at the same time that the global granular structure of the classifier is autonomously evolved. A synthetic nonstationary problem called Rotation of Twin Gaussians shows the behavior of the classifier. The Fuzzy eIX classifier could keep up with its accuracy in a scenario in which offline-trained classifiers would clearly have their accuracy drastically dropped.