Early fault detection using instrumented sensor data is one of the promising application areas of machine learning in industrial facilities. However, it is difficult to improve the generalization performance of the trained fault-detection model because of the complex system configuration in the target diagnostic system and insufficient fault data. It is not trivial to apply the trained model to other systems. Here we propose a fault diagnosis method for refrigerant leak detection considering the physical modeling and control mechanism of an air-conditioning system. We derive a useful scaling law related to refrigerant leak. If the control mechanism is the same, the model can be applied to other air-conditioning systems irrespective of the system configuration. Small-scale off-line fault test data obtained in a laboratory are applied to estimate the scaling exponent. We evaluate the proposed scaling law by using real-world data. Based on a statistical hypothesis test of the interaction between two groups, we show that the scaling exponents of different air-conditioning systems are equivalent. In addition, we estimated the time series of the degree of leakage of real process data based on the scaling law and confirmed that the proposed method is promising for early leak detection through comparison with assessment by experts.
We adopted an approach based on an LSTM neural network to monitor and detect faults in industrial multivariate time series data. To validate the approach we created a Modelica model of part of a real gasoil plant. By introducing hacks into the logic of the Modelica model, we were able to generate both the roots and causes of fault behavior in the plant. Having a self-consistent data set with labeled faults, we used an LSTM architecture with a forecasting error threshold to obtain precision and recall quality metrics. The dependency of the quality metric on the threshold level is considered. An appropriate mechanism such as "one handle" was introduced for filtering faults that are outside of the plant operator field of interest.
Fault diagnosis and failure prognosis are essential techniques in improving the safety of many manufacturing systems. Therefore, on-line fault detection and isolation is one of the most important tasks in safety-critical and intelligent control systems. Computational intelligence techniques are being investigated as extension of the traditional fault diagnosis methods. This paper discusses the Temporal Neuro-Fuzzy Systems (TNFS) fault diagnosis within an application study of a manufacturing system. The key issues of finding a suitable structure for detecting and isolating ten realistic actuator faults are described. Within this framework, data-processing interactive software of simulation baptized NEFDIAG (NEuro Fuzzy DIAGnosis) version 1.0 is developed. This software devoted primarily to creation, training and test of a classification Neuro-Fuzzy system of industrial process failures. NEFDIAG can be represented like a special type of fuzzy perceptron, with three layers used to classify patterns and failures. The system selected is the workshop of SCIMAT clinker, cement factory in Algeria.
Noncritical soft-faults and model deviations are a challenge for Fault Detection and Diagnosis (FDD) of resident Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs). Such systems may have a faster performance degradation due to the permanent exposure to the marine environment, and constant monitoring of component conditions is required to ensure their reliability. This works presents an evaluation of Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs) for a data-driven fault detection and diagnosis scheme for underwater thrusters with empirical data. The nominal behavior of the thruster was modeled using the measured control input, voltage, rotational speed and current signals. We evaluated the performance of fault classification using all the measured signals compared to using the computed residuals from the nominal model as features.
In processing and manufacturing industries, there has been a large push to produce higher quality products and ensure maximum efficiency of processes. This requires approaches to effectively detect and resolve disturbances to ensure optimal operations. While the control system can compensate for many types of disturbances, there are changes to the process which it still cannot handle adequately. It is therefore important to further develop monitoring systems to effectively detect and identify those faults such that they can be quickly resolved by operators. In this paper, a novel probabilistic fault detection and identification method is proposed which adopts a newly developed deep learning approach using Bayesian recurrent neural networks (BRNNs) with variational dropout. The BRNN model is general and can model complex nonlinear dynamics. Moreover, compared to traditional statistic-based data-driven fault detection and identification methods, the proposed BRNN-based method yields uncertainty estimates which allow for simultaneous fault detection of chemical processes, direct fault identification, and fault propagation analysis. The outstanding performance of this method is demonstrated and contrasted to (dynamic) principal component analysis, which are widely applied in the industry, in the benchmark Tennessee Eastman process (TEP) and a real chemical manufacturing dataset.