Accurate and timely metro passenger flow forecasting is critical for the successful deployment of intelligent transportation systems. However, it is quite challenging to propose an efficient and robust forecasting approach due to the inherent randomness and variations of metro passenger flow. In this study, we present a novel adaptive ensemble (AdaEnsemble) learning approach to accurately forecast the volume of metro passenger flows, and it combines the complementary advantages of variational mode decomposition (VMD), seasonal autoregressive integrated moving averaging (SARIMA), multilayer perceptron network (MLP) and long short-term memory (LSTM) network. The AdaEnsemble learning approach consists of three important stages. The first stage applies VMD to decompose the metro passenger flows data into periodic component, deterministic component and volatility component. Then we employ SARIMA model to forecast the periodic component, LSTM network to learn and forecast deterministic component and MLP network to forecast volatility component. In the last stage, the diverse forecasted components are reconstructed by another MLP network. The empirical results show that our proposed AdaEnsemble learning approach not only has the best forecasting performance compared with the state-of-the-art models but also appears to be the most promising and robust based on the historical passenger flow data in Shenzhen subway system and several standard evaluation measures.
Faced with the growing research towards crude oil price fluctuations influential factors following the accelerated development of Internet technology, accessible data such as Google search volume index are increasingly quantified and incorporated into forecasting approaches. In this paper, we apply multi-scale data that including both GSVI data and traditional economic data related to crude oil price as independent variables and propose a new hybrid approach for monthly crude oil price forecasting. This hybrid approach, based on divide and conquer strategy, consists of K-means method, kernel principal component analysis and kernel extreme learning machine , where K-means method is adopted to divide input data into certain clusters, KPCA is applied to reduce dimension, and KELM is employed for final crude oil price forecasting. The empirical result can be analyzed from data and method levels. At the data level, GSVI data perform better than economic data in level forecasting accuracy but with opposite performance in directional forecasting accuracy because of Herd Behavior, while hybrid data combined their advantages and obtain best forecasting performance in both level and directional accuracy. At the method level, the approaches with K-means perform better than those without K-means, which demonstrates that divide and conquer strategy can effectively improve the forecasting performance.
For hourly PM2.5 concentration prediction, accurately capturing the data patterns of external factors that affect PM2.5 concentration changes, and constructing a forecasting model is one of efficient means to improve forecasting accuracy. In this study, a novel hybrid forecasting model based on complete ensemble empirical mode decomposition with adaptive noise (CEEMDAN) and deep temporal convolutional neural network (DeepTCN) is developed to predict PM2.5 concentration, by modelling the data patterns of historical pollutant concentrations data, meteorological data, and discrete time variables' data. Taking PM2.5 concentration of Beijing as the sample, experimental results showed that the forecasting accuracy of the proposed CEEMDAN-DeepTCN model is verified to be the highest when compared with the time series model, artificial neural network, and the popular deep learning models. The new model has improved the capability to model the PM2.5-related factor data patterns, and can be used as a promising tool for forecasting PM2.5 concentrations.
Abstract--Crude oil is a major component in most advanced economies of the world. Accurately predicting and understanding thebehavior of crude oil prices is important for economists, analysts, forecasters, and traders, to name a few. The price of crude oil has declined in the past decade and is seeing a phase of stability; but will this stability last? This work is an empirical study on how multivariate analysis may be employed to predict crude oil spot prices using neural networks. The concept of using neural networks showed promising potential. A very simple neural network model was able to perform on par with ARIMA models - the state-of-the-art model in time-series forecasting. Advanced neural network models using larger datasets may be used in the future to extend this proofof-concept toa full scale framework. I. INTRODUCTION Crude oil spot prices saw a tremendous uptick in the first decade of the 21 Since 2014, crude oil prices have fallen and may have stabilized now. However, there has always been a constant interest in accurately predicting crude oil prices; given that crude oil drives a major portion of the economy. Economists, scientists, data analysts, and traders are all interested in models that give them the best accuracy.
A robust model for time series forecasting is highly important in many domains, including but not limited to financial forecast, air temperature and electricity consumption. To improve forecasting performance, traditional approaches usually require additional feature sets. However, adding more feature sets from different sources of data is not always feasible due to its accessibility limitation. In this paper, we propose a novel self-boosted mechanism in which the original time series is decomposed into multiple time series. These time series played the role of additional features in which the closely related time series group is used to feed into multi-task learning model, and the loosely related group is fed into multi-view learning part to utilize its complementary information. We use three real-world datasets to validate our model and show the superiority of our proposed method over existing state-of-the-art baseline methods.