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The Token's stability is very important for BitSchool's sustainable growth. Therefore, to achieve and preserve stability in the Token value, the Token exchange value to BitSchool's AI Products will be fixed at max [Token's current market value, Token's ICO end value)] (take the greater between the two values) for the first year following the launch of the BitSchool Platform. This scheme will act as an effective counter measure against any Token value fluctuations unrelated to the true performance of the BitSchool Platform but rather forced by speculative market movements. Especially when the put option is combined with the 50% discount extended to Token transactions for AI products, the Token exchange value to AI products equals or exceeds twice the value of the Token's current market value. We assumed an ICO end value of $0.2 for the following graph.

Guide to Encoding Categorical Values in Python


For this article, I was able to find a good dataset at the UCI Machine Learning Repository. This particular Automobile Data Set includes a good mix of categorical values as well as continuous values and serves as a useful example that is relatively easy to understand. Since domain understanding is an important aspect when deciding how to encode various categorical values - this data set makes a good case study. Before we get started encoding the various values, we need to important the data and do some minor cleanups. Since this article will only focus on encoding the categorical variables, we are going to include only the object columns in our dataframe.

Natural Value Approximators: Learning when to Trust Past Estimates

Neural Information Processing Systems

Neural networks have a smooth initial inductive bias, such that small changes in input do not lead to large changes in output. However, in reinforcement learning domains with sparse rewards, value functions have non-smooth structure with a characteristic asymmetric discontinuity whenever rewards arrive. We propose a mechanism that learns an interpolation between a direct value estimate and a projected value estimate computed from the encountered reward and the previous estimate. This reduces the need to learn about discontinuities, and thus improves the value function approximation. Furthermore, as the interpolation is learned and state-dependent, our method can deal with heterogeneous observability. We demonstrate that this one change leads to significant improvements on multiple Atari games, when applied to the state-of-the-art A3C algorithm.

Why We Must Embed Humanitarian Values In Artificial Intelligence Before It's Too Late


There are two ways to look at the future: one is at us as prisoners of a technological revolution that we can no longer control, with climate change out of control, and the other as the architects of a better future, imprinting humanitarian values into technology before it becomes more clever than us.

Upstart Puzzles: Sleep No More

Communications of the ACM

As with every alarm clock, this one can hardly wait to ring, and you must figure out how to set it to wake you when your nap is over, making as few button pushes as possible. We begin simply, with a 60-minute clock that counts only minutes, from 0 to 59. The alarm can also be set from 0 to 59 and will go off when the clock reaches the same value. Say you want the alarm to go off in m (m 60) minutes, the time value now is x, and the alarm value is y. You want to move the time value or alarm value forward as little as possible so the alarm goes off m minutes from now.