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Ontology based Scene Creation for the Development of Automated Vehicles

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

The introduction of automated vehicles without permanent human supervision demands a functional system description, including functional system boundaries and a comprehensive safety analysis. These inputs to the technical development can be identified and analyzed by a scenario-based approach. Furthermore, to establish an economical test and release process, a large number of scenarios must be identified to obtain meaningful test results. Experts are doing well to identify scenarios that are difficult to handle or unlikely to happen. However, experts are unlikely to identify all scenarios possible based on the knowledge they have on hand. Expert knowledge modeled for computer aided processing may help for the purpose of providing a wide range of scenarios. This contribution reviews ontologies as knowledge-based systems in the field of automated vehicles, and proposes a generation of traffic scenes in natural language as a basis for a scenario creation.


Dynamic Knowledge Graphs as Semantic Memory Model for Industrial Robots

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

In this paper, we present a model for semantic memory that allows machines to collect information and experiences to become more proficient with time. After a semantic analysis of the data, information is stored in a knowledge graph which is used to comprehend instructions, expressed in natural language, and execute the required tasks in a deterministic manner. This imparts industrial robots cognitive behavior and an intuitive user interface, which is most appreciated in an era, when collaborative robots are to work alongside humans. The paper outlines the architecture of the system together with a practical implementation of the proposal.


Integrating Mission and Task Planning in an Industrial Robotics Framework

AAAI Conferences

This paper presents a framework developed for an industrial robotics system that utilises two different planning components. At a high level, a multi-robot mission planner interfaces with a fleet and environment manager and uses multiagent planning techniques to build mission assignments to be distributed to a robot fleet. On each robot, a task planner automatically converts the robot's world model and skill definitions into a planning problem which is then solved to find a sequence of actions that the robot should perform to complete its mission. This framework is demonstrated on an industrial kitting task in a real-world factory environment.


6-Layer Model for a Structured Description and Categorization of Urban Traffic and Environment

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Verification and validation of automated driving functions impose large challenges. Currently, scenario-based approaches are investigated in research and industry, aiming at a reduction of testing efforts by specifying safety relevant scenarios. To define those scenarios and operate in a complex real-world design domain, a structured description of the environment is needed. Within the PEGASUS research project, the 6-Layer Model (6LM) was introduced for the description of highway scenarios. This paper refines the 6LM and extends it to urban traffic and environment. As defined in PEGASUS, the 6LM provides the possibility to categorize the environment and, therefore, functions as a structured basis for subsequent scenario description. The model enables a structured description and categorization of the general environment, without incorporating any knowledge or anticipating any functions of actors. Beyond that, there is a variety of other applications of the 6LM, which are elaborated in this paper. The 6LM includes a description of the road network and traffic guidance objects, roadside structures, temporary modifications of the former, dynamic objects, environmental conditions and digital information. The work at hand specifies each layer by categorizing its items. Guidelines are formulated and explanatory examples are given to standardize the application of the model for an objective environment description. In contrast to previous publications, the model and its design are described in far more detail. Finally, the holistic description of the 6LM presented includes remarks on possible future work when expanding the concept to machine perception aspects.


An AI based talent acquisition and benchmarking for job

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

In a recruitment industry, selecting a best CV from a particular job post within a pile of thousand CV's is quite challenging. Finding a perfect candidate for an organization who can be fit to work within organizational culture is a difficult task. In order to help the recruiters to fill these gaps we leverage the help of AI. We propose a methodology to solve these problems by matching the skill graph generated from CV and Job Post. In this report our approach is to perform the business understanding in order to justify why such problems arise and how we intend to solve these problems using natural language processing and machine learning techniques. We limit our project only to solve the problem in the domain of the computer science industry.