"Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary study of mind and intelligence, embracing philosophy, psychology, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, linguistics, and anthropology. Its intellectual origins are in the mid-1950s when researchers in several fields began to develop theories of mind based on complex representations and computational procedures."
– Paul Thagard. Cognitive Science , in The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Artificial Intelligence is making a great noise adding weight to the superhuman intelligent machines and long-term goal of human-level intelligence. It could be catastrophic for the human race if that happens to be true. At the current juncture, we are unable to specify the objective, nor can we anticipate or prevent the potential pitfalls that may arise if machines capacitate themselves with superhuman capabilities. Already, an alternate world of deep fakes exists which has caused a great deal of hullabaloo across the world, with disastrous consequences for well know personalities and power figures. Thus, with so much at stake, the great minds of today have already locked horns over a serious debate, seeking solutions, ferreting out loopholes, weighing up the risks and benefits, and so on.
New developments and opportunities are opening up in artificial intelligence, says Paul Budde. I RECENTLY followed a "lunch box lecture", organised by the University of Sydney. The world is infatuated with artificial intelligence (AI), and understandably so, given its super-human ability to find patterns in big data as we all notice when using Google, Facebook, Amazon, eBay and so on. But the so-called "general intelligence" that humans possess remains elusive for AI. Interestingly, Professor Kuncic approached this topic from a physics perspective.
By Natalia Modjeska, MBA, PhD, helps organizations make sense of AI/ML. Recently I had the opportunity to attend the inaugural Emotion AI Conference, organized by Seth Grimes, a leading analyst and business consultant in the areas of natural language processing (NLP), text analytics, sentiment analysis, and their business applications. The conference was attended by about 70 people (including presenters and panelists) from industry and academia in the US, Canada, and Europe. Given the conference topic, what is emotion AI, why is it relevant, and what do you need to know about it? Read on to find out (warning: this is a long-ish article), but first, some background. We humans are highly emotional beings, and emotions impact everything we do, even if we are not, for the most part, aware of it.
Former Vice President Joe Biden defends his cognitive capabilities amid criticism. Joe Biden, at his first press conference in three months, defended his cognitive ability and said he "can hardly wait" to compare it to President Trump's as the general election matchup heats up. "I've been tested, I'm constantly tested," Biden said in response to a question from Fox News' Doug McKelway. "Look, all you've got to do is watch me and I can hardly wait to compare my cognitive capability to the cognitive capability of the man I'm running against." While Biden's press conference in Delaware was ostensibly about how he would respond to the coronavirus pandemic, the former vice president also slammed the current White House occupant for his response to reports that Russian intelligence operatives offered to pay bounties to Taliban-linked militants who killed U.S. troops in Afghanistan.
Dialpad, the only cloud-native business communications platform powered by Voice Intelligence (Vi), recently announced that Jen Grant has joined the company's Board of Directors. The announcement comes as Dialpad continues to see rapid growth as the demand for remote work tools rises with changing business needs worldwide. "We are seeing remote work on the rise everywhere, and we don't expect to see that diminish even after offices start to open up," said Jen Grant, Chief Executive Officer of Turbo Systems. "Now, more than ever, people need the right work-from-anywhere tools, and I'm excited to be a part of the movement with Dialpad." Built in the cloud, Dialpad does not require on-premise servers, storage or hardwired phones, freeing customers to connect and communicate from anywhere.
The device that allows the human brain to connect to a computer could be implanted in a person for the first time later this year, announced the founder of Neuralink neurotechnology company, the tycoon Elon Musk. Last year, Musk's Neuralink introduced a special microchip and flexible fiber electrodes that should allow the human brain to connect to computers or machines. At the same time, he announced that the electrodes in question would like to be implanted with a laser in the future because it is more suitable than a mechanical drill for making holes in the skull. This crazy project of Elon Musk and his startup seems to be going well. Elon Musk said on Twitter that the Neuralink is working on an "awesome" new version of the company's signature device.
Researchers from North Carolina State University have discovered that teaching physics to neural networks enables those networks to better adapt to chaos within their environment. The work has implications for improved artificial intelligence (AI) applications ranging from medical diagnostics to automated drone piloting. Neural networks are an advanced type of AI loosely based on the way that our brains work. Our natural neurons exchange electrical impulses according to the strengths of their connections. Artificial neural networks mimic this behavior by adjusting numerical weights and biases during training sessions to minimize the difference between their actual and desired outputs.
The creators of the Python language are mulling a new proposal, PEP 622, that would finally bring a pattern matching statement syntax to Python. The new pattern matching statements would give Python programmers more expressive ways of handling structured data, without having to resort to workarounds. Pattern matching is a common feature of many programming languages, such as switch/case in C. It allows one of a number of possible actions to be taken based on the value of a given variable or expression. While Python has lacked a native syntax for pattern matching, it has been possible to emulate it with if/elif/else chains or a dictionary lookup. Supported pattern match types include literals, names, constant values, sequences, a mapping (basically, the presence of a key-value pair in the expression), a class, a mixture of the above, or any of those plus conditional expressions.
Since the first Industrial Revolution, mankind has been scared of future technologies. People were afraid of electricity. People were afraid of trains and cars. But it always took just one or two generations to get completely used to these innovations. It's true that most technologies caused harm in some ways, but the net outcome was usually good. This may be true for future technologies too, although there are serious ethical and philosophical reasons to be scared of some of them. Some of them shouldn't really scare us. And some of them are already shaping our world. Before we begin, I have to warn you: some of the things you will read in this story can be VERY controversial. I need you to approach this story with a very open mind, and acknowledge that the ideas I present here are just that, ideas. I hold no extreme or fixed views, nor do I claim to have the exact answers to ethical and philosophical questions. You may have completely different ideas, and that's totally fine. Cryonics may seem very sci-fi (to be fair, everything in this story does), but it already exists. There are companies that freeze you as soon as you die, so you can be brought back to life when technology and medicine will be advanced enough. Seriously, companies like this (I'm NOT affiliated to them).