Goto

Collaborating Authors

Results


In China, facial recognition, public shaming and control go hand in hand

#artificialintelligence

A screen shows a demonstration of SenseTime Group's SenseVideo pedestrian and vehicle recognition system at the company's showroom in Beijing. Facial recognition supporters in the US often argue that the surveillance technology is reserved for the greatest risks -- to help deal with violent crimes, terrorist threats and human trafficking. And while it's still often used for petty crimes like shoplifting, stealing $12 worth of goods or selling $50 worth of drugs, its use in the US still looks tame compared with how widely deployed facial recognition has been in China. A database leak in 2019 gave a glimpse of how pervasive China's surveillance tools are -- with more than 6.8 million records from a single day, taken from cameras positioned around hotels, parks, tourism spots and mosques, logging details on people as young as 9 days old. The Chinese government is accused of using facial recognition to commit atrocities against Uyghur Muslims, relying on the technology to carry out "the largest mass incarceration of a minority population in the world today."


In China, facial recognition, public shaming and control go hand in hand - CNET

CNET - News

A screen shows a demonstration of SenseTime Group's SenseVideo pedestrian and vehicle recognition system at the company's showroom in Beijing. Facial recognition supporters in the US often argue that the surveillance technology is reserved for the greatest risks -- to help deal with violent crimes, terrorist threats and human trafficking. And while it's still often used for petty crimes like shoplifting, stealing $12 worth of goods or selling $50 worth of drugs, its use in the US still looks tame compared with how widely deployed facial recognition has been in China. A database leak in 2019 gave a glimpse of how pervasive China's surveillance tools are -- with more than 6.8 million records from a single day, taken from cameras positioned around hotels, parks, tourism spots and mosques, logging details on people as young as 9 days old. The Chinese government is accused of using facial recognition to commit atrocities against Uyghur Muslims, relying on the technology to carry out "the largest mass incarceration of a minority population in the world today."


Face-recognition technology and its consequences

#artificialintelligence

Charles Darwin was once almost prevented from boarding a ship by the captain for a strange reason. Looking at Darwin's nose, the captain, Robert Fitzroy, had wondered whether Darwin possessed sufficient determination and energy required for such a voyage. Recounting the incident, Darwin wrote, "He [the captain] was an ardent disciple of Lavater, and was convinced that he could judge a man's character by the outline of his features..." Fitzroy was a believer in physiognomy, the 18th-century pseudoscience, which claimed to determine character from appearance. Johann Kaspar Lavater, a Swiss writer, was the man who gave the art of face-reading the status of science, thereby generating popular interest. Lavater made physiognomy so popular that its influence extended to the realms of art, aesthetics and literature of the 18th and 19th centuries.


Rite Aid surveilled customers using facial recognition tech with links to China

Mashable

The next time you pop into your local drugstore to grab a gallon of milk, remember there's a chance the store is secretly analyzing your face. A new report from Reuters uncovered facial recognition cameras throughout dozens of Rite Aid locations in largely low-income, non-white neighborhoods in New York and Los Angeles. Furthermore, the investigation also discovered that the facial recognition firm has ties to the Chinese government. According to the report, Rite Aid has rolled out hundreds of facial recognition systems in its stores across the U.S. since around 2012, making it "one of the largest rollouts of such technology among retailers in the country." Rite Aid utilized its facial recognition technology to match customers faces with facial recognition scans of those "previously observed engaging in potential criminal activity." When a match was made with a current customer, store security would be alerted.


Special Report: Rite Aid Deployed Facial Recognition Systems in Hundreds of U.S. Stores

#artificialintelligence

"This decision was in part based on a larger industry conversation," the company told Reuters in a statement, adding that "other large technology companies seem to be scaling back or rethinking their efforts around facial recognition given increasing uncertainty around the technology's utility." Reuters pieced together how the company's initiative evolved, how the software has been used and how a recent vendor was linked to China, drawing on thousands of pages of internal documents from Rite Aid and its suppliers, as well as direct observations during store visits by Reuters journalists and interviews with more than 40 people familiar with the systems' deployment. Most current and former employees spoke on condition of anonymity, saying they feared jeopardizing their careers. While Rite Aid declined to disclose which locations used the technology, Reuters found facial recognition cameras at 33 of the 75 Rite Aid shops in Manhattan and the central Los Angeles metropolitan area during one or more visits from October through July. The cameras were easily recognizable, hanging from the ceiling on poles near store entrances and in cosmetics aisles.


Tech-enabled 'terror capitalism' is spreading worldwide. The surveillance regimes must be stopped

The Guardian

When Gulzira Aeulkhan finally fled China for Kazakhstan early last year, she still suffered debilitating headaches and nausea. She didn't know if this was a result of the guards at an internment camp hitting her in the head with an electric baton for spending more than two minutes on the toilet, or from the enforced starvation diet. Maybe it was simply the horror she had witnessed – the sounds of women screaming when they were beaten, their silence when they returned to the cell. Like an estimated 1.5 million other Turkic Muslims, Gulzira had been interned in a "re-education camp" in north-west China. After discovering that she had watched a Turkish TV show in which some of the actors wore hijabs, Chinese police had accused her of "extremism" and said she was "infected by the virus" of Islamism.


AI-Powered DeepFaceDrawing Turns Sketches Into Photorealistic Portraits - The Flighter

#artificialintelligence

A research team from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the City University of Hong Kong have unveiled DeepFaceDrawing, an AI-powered framework that turns sketches into photorealistic portraits. This deep learning system uses modules to generate the images, or in other words, it identifies the most notable facial features individually, like the eyes, nose, mouth, face shape, etc., before these vectors are merged to create realistic images. There are other deep image-to-image translation techniques that may generate face images from freehand sketches faster, but they require professional sketches or even edge maps as input. DeepFaceDrawing can implicitly model the shape space of recognizable face images and then proceeds to synthesize a face image in this space to approximate an input sketch. Our method essentially uses input sketches as soft constraints and is thus able to produce high-quality face images even from rough and/or incomplete sketches," said researcher Shu-Yu Chen.


Artificial Intelligence That Can Create Tremendously Real Human Portraits From Random Drawings - Somag News

#artificialintelligence

A new Artificial Intelligence (AI) algorithm, developed by scientists at the University of Hong Kong, can only create enormously realistic photos from sketch drawings. Researchers say the new algorithm can be used to identify suspects in police investigations. Despite the concerns of names like Tesla and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk, Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies continue to penetrate every aspect of our lives. AI, which has a place in many sectors including security, health, military, automotive and transportation, is becoming more and more powerful. According to the information reported by the website of New Scientist, Hongbo Fu and colleagues from the University of Hong Kong developed an algorithm that can instantly convert a very simple sketch drawing representing the face of a person into portrait photography.


Chinese researchers unveil AI that can turn simple drawings into fake photorealistic pictures

Daily Mail - Science & tech

A new artificial intelligence can transform simple sketches of a face into fabricated photorealistic pictures. The AI, called DeepFaceDrawing, was invented by researchers at the Chinese Academy of Sciences and can extrapolate on rough and even incomplete sketches. According to them, the technology is designed to help'users with little training in drawing to produce high-quality images from rough or even incomplete freehand sketches.' Researchers from China demonstrated an AI that can generate photorealistic pictures from sketches (pictured). The system works by examining details of a drawing and then checking those features against a database of facial features.


'DeepFaceDrawing' AI can turn simple sketches into detailed photo portraits

Engadget

Researchers have found a way to turn simple line drawings into photo-realistic facial images. Developed by a team at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing, DeepFaceDrawing uses artificial intelligence to help "users with little training in drawing to produce high-quality images from rough or even incomplete freehand sketches." This isn't the first time we've seen tech like this (remember the horrifying results of Pix2Pix's autofill tool?), but it is certainly the most advanced to date, and it doesn't require the same level of detail in source sketches as previous iterations have. It works largely through probability -- instead of requiring detailed eyelid or lip shapes, for example, the software refers to a database of faces and facial components, and considers how each facial element works with each other. Eyes, nose, mouth, face shape and hair type are all considered separately, and then assembled into a single image. As the paper explains, "Recent deep image-to-image translation techniques allow fast generation of face images from freehand sketches.