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Detecting Cyberattacks in Industrial Control Systems Using Online Learning Algorithms

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Industrial control systems are critical to the operation of industrial facilities, especially for critical infrastructures, such as refineries, power grids, and transportation systems. Similar to other information systems, a significant threat to industrial control systems is the attack from cyberspace---the offensive maneuvers launched by "anonymous" in the digital world that target computer-based assets with the goal of compromising a system's functions or probing for information. Owing to the importance of industrial control systems, and the possibly devastating consequences of being attacked, significant endeavors have been attempted to secure industrial control systems from cyberattacks. Among them are intrusion detection systems that serve as the first line of defense by monitoring and reporting potentially malicious activities. Classical machine-learning-based intrusion detection methods usually generate prediction models by learning modest-sized training samples all at once. Such approach is not always applicable to industrial control systems, as industrial control systems must process continuous control commands with limited computational resources in a nonstop way. To satisfy such requirements, we propose using online learning to learn prediction models from the controlling data stream. We introduce several state-of-the-art online learning algorithms categorically, and illustrate their efficacies on two typically used testbeds---power system and gas pipeline. Further, we explore a new cost-sensitive online learning algorithm to solve the class-imbalance problem that is pervasive in industrial intrusion detection systems. Our experimental results indicate that the proposed algorithm can achieve an overall improvement in the detection rate of cyberattacks in industrial control systems.


Extreme addresses networked-IoT security

#artificialintelligence

Extreme Networks has taken the wraps off a new security application it says will use machine learning and artificial intelligence to help customers effectively monitor, detect and automatically remediate security issues with networked IoT devices. The application – ExtremeAI security--features machine-learning technology that can understand typical behavior of IoT devices and automatically trigger alerts when endpoints act in unusual or unexpected ways, Extreme said. Extreme said that the ExtremeAI Security application can tie into all leading threat intelligence feeds, and had close integration with its existing Extreme Workflow Composer to enable automatic threat mitigation and remediation. The application integrates the company's ExtremeAnalytics application which lets customers view threats by severity, category, high-risk endpoints and geography. An automated ticketing feature integrates with variety of popular IT tools such as Slack, Jira, and ServiceNow, and the application interoperates with many popular security tools, including existing network taps, the vendor stated.



Secure Mobile Edge Computing in IoT via Collaborative Online Learning

arXiv.org Machine Learning

To accommodate heterogeneous tasks in Internet of Things (IoT), a new communication and computing paradigm termed mobile edge computing emerges that extends computing services from the cloud to edge, but at the same time exposes new challenges on security. The present paper studies online security-aware edge computing under jamming attacks. Leveraging online learning tools, novel algorithms abbreviated as SAVE-S and SAVE-A are developed to cope with the stochastic and adversarial forms of jamming, respectively. Without utilizing extra resources such as spectrum and transmission power to evade jamming attacks, SAVE-S and SAVE-A can select the most reliable server to offload computing tasks with minimal privacy and security concerns. It is analytically established that without any prior information on future jamming and server security risks, the proposed schemes can achieve ${\cal O}\big(\sqrt{T}\big)$ regret. Information sharing among devices can accelerate the security-aware computing tasks. Incorporating the information shared by other devices, SAVE-S and SAVE-A offer impressive improvements on the sublinear regret, which is guaranteed by what is termed "value of cooperation." Effectiveness of the proposed schemes is tested on both synthetic and real datasets.