Application of Variational Bayesian Approach to Speech Recognition

Watanabe, Shinji, Minami, Yasuhiro, Nakamura, Atsushi, Ueda, Naonori

Neural Information Processing Systems 

Application of V ariational Bayesian Approach to Speech Recognition Shinji Watanabe, Y asuhiro Minami, Atsushi Nakamura and Naonori Ueda NTT Communication Science Laboratories, NTT Corporation 2-4, Hikaridai, Seika-cho, Soraku-gun, Kyoto, Japan {watanabe,minami,ats,ueda} Abstract In this paper, we propose a Bayesian framework, which constructs shared-state triphone HMMs based on a variational Bayesian approach, and recognizes speech based on the Bayesian prediction classification; variational Bayesian estimation and clustering for speech recognition (VBEC). An appropriate model structure with high recognition performance can be found within a VBEC framework. Unlike conventional methods, including BIC or MDL criterion based on the maximum likelihood approach, the proposed model selection is valid in principle, even when there are insufficient amounts of data, because it does not use an asymptotic assumption. In acoustic modeling, a triphone-based hidden Markov model (triphone HMM) has been widely employed. The triphone is a context dependent phoneme unit that considers both the preceding and following phonemes.