What Is Artificial Intelligence?


AI is a large topic, and there is no single agreed definition of what it involves. But there seems to be more agreement than disagreement. Broadly speaking, AI is an umbrella term for the field in computer science dedicated to making machines simulate different aspects of human intelligence, including learning, decision-making and pattern recognition. Some of the most striking applications, in fields like speech recognition and computer vision, are things people take for granted when assessing human intelligence but have been beyond the limits of computers until relatively recently. The term "artificial intelligence" was coined in 1956 by mathematics professor John McCarthy, who wrote, The study is to proceed on the basis of the conjecture that every aspect of learning and any other feature of intelligence can in principle be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it.