The original dream of research in artificial intelligence was to understand what it is that makes us who we are. Because of this, artificial intelligence has always been close to cognitive science, even if the two have been somewhat far apart in practice. Functional AIs have tended to do best at quickly finding'good-enough' approaches to problems that are easy to state but whose solutions are difficult or tedious to describe explicitly. A more modest definition of artificial intelligence might read as'computer programs that can learn how to perform tasks rather than require specific hardwired instructions.' It turns out this encompasses a lot--think language processing in Amazon's Alexa, or Google's AlphaGo--and AI has recently even been able to produce art.
Jul-12-2019, 16:40:40 GMT