What is Machine Intelligence vs. Machine Learning vs. Deep Learning vs. Artificial Intelligence (AI)?


We return to the question of terminology that we started this post with. Our feeling is that the term "artificial intelligence" has been used in so many ways that it is now confusing. People use AI to refer to all three approaches described above, plus others, and therefore has become almost meaningless. The term "machine learning" is a more narrowly defined term for machines that learn from data, including simple neural models such as ANNs and Deep Learning. We use the term "machine intelligence" to refer to machines that learn but are aligned with the Biological Neural Network approach. Although there still is much work ahead of us, we believe the Biological Neural Network approach is the fastest and most direct path to truly intelligent machines. This blog entry was modified on Thu Mar 24 2016 to clarify the timing of neural network research.