R vs. Python: Which is a better programming language for data science?

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Python vs. R is a common debate among data scientists, as both languages are useful for data work and among the most frequently mentioned skills in job postings for data science positions. Each language offers different advantages and disadvantages for data science work, and should be chosen depending on the work you are doing. To help data scientists select the right language, Norm Matloff, a professor of computer science at the University of California Davis wrote a Github post aiming to shed some light on the debate. While this is subjective, Python greatly reduces the use of parentheses and braces when coding, making it more sleek, Matloff wrote in the post. While data scientists working with Python must learn a lot of material to get started, including NumPy, Pandas and matplotlib, matrix types and basic graphics are already built into base R, Matloff wrote.