Overview of artificial intelligence in medicine


Alan Turing (1950) was one of the founders of modern computers and AI. The "Turing test" was based on the fact that the intelligent behavior of a computer is the ability to achieve human level performance in cognition related tasks.[1] The 1980s and 1990s saw a surge in interest in AI. Artificial intelligent techniques such as fuzzy expert systems, Bayesian networks, artificial neural networks, and hybrid intelligent systems were used in different clinical settings in health care. In 2016, the biggest chunk of investments in AI research were in healthcare applications compared with other sectors.[2] AI in medicine can be dichotomized into two subtypes: Virtual and physical.[3]

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