AI Hype and Radiology: A Plea for Realism and Accuracy


This opinion piece is inspired by the old Danish proverb: "Making predictions is hard, especially about the future" (1). As every reader knows, the momentum of artificial intelligence (AI) and the eventual implementation of deep learning models seem assured. Some pundits have gone considerably further, however, and predicted a sweeping AI takeover of radiology. Although many radiologists support AI and believe it will enable greater efficiency, a recent study of medical students found very different reactions (2). While such doomsday predictions are understandably attention-grabbing, they are highly unlikely, at least in the short term.