A Brief History of AI, From French Philosophy to Self-Driving Cars - Dell Technologies

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And yet, AI's current automated task-mastering was first posited by the French philosopher René Descartes almost 400 years ago. Descartes, who famously coined, "I think, therefore I am," pondered about the ability of machines to reason. While machines may be able to "do some things as well, or better, than humans, they would inevitably fail in others," whereas human reason can universally adapt to any task. Though Descartes' idea of machines differs from today's reality, some say he threw down the gauntlet for what we now refer to as general AI--or machines that can think like humans. Though Descartes' idea of machines differs from today's reality, some say he threw down the gauntlet for what we now refer to as general AI--or machines that can think like humans.