Smart farming is not a standalone technology, but more to do with interconnected technologies. The three major technologies that it is connected to are MIS (Management Information Systems), precision agriculture and automation & robotics. MIS is used to collect and process data needed to carry out operations and functions on the farm. It can even store and disseminate data as well. Precision agriculture, on the other hand, is the management of spatial and temporal variability to gain higher returns on investment, so that the environmental impact of these agricultural activities is minimal.