Towards Automation of Creativity: A Machine Intelligence Approach

Deolekar, Subodh, Abraham, Siby Artificial Intelligence 

Abstract: This paper demonstrates emergence of computational creativity in the field of music. Different aspects of creativity such as producer, process, product and press are studied and formulated. Different notions of computational creativity such as novelty, quality and typicality of compositions as products are studied and evaluated. We formulate an algorithmic perception on human creativity and propose a prototype that is capable of demonstrating human-level creativity. We then validate the proposed prototype by applying various creativity benchmarks with the results obtained and compare the proposed prototype with the other existing computational creative systems. I. INTRODUCTION Computational creativity is the modeling or replicating human creativity computationally. Traditionally computational creativity has focused more on creative systems' products or processes, though this focus has widened recently. Research on creativity offers four Ps of creativity (Rhodes, 1961; MacKinnon, 1970; Jordanous, 2016). These four P's are: 1. Person/Producer: a creative agent 2. Process: an activity done by the creative agent 3. Product: the product of the creative process 4. Press/Environment: the overall environment of creativity 110 The proposed methodology addresses all the four P's of creativity unlike most of recent works, which focus on these individually (Saunders, 2012; Gervas & Leon, 2014; Misztal & Indurkhya, 2014; Sosa & Gero, 2015; Besold & Plaza, 2015; Harmon, 2015). Figure 1 gives a simplified view of proposed computational creative system in the context of four P's of creativity.