Humanoid Robots


Maker of Terminator-like humanoid robots sold to Softbank

USATODAY

Boston Dynamics is focused on making robots for the military and businesses. As part of the transaction, SoftBank says it's also buying the Japanese bipedal robotics company Schaft. At the TED conference in April, Boston Dynamics founder and CEO Marc Raibert showed off the company's four-legged dog-like robot delivering a package and its bipedal access robot moving boxes to a conveyor belt on a factory floor. In a statement, Raibert said: "We at Boston Dynamics are excited to be part of SoftBank's bold vision and its position creating the next technology revolution.


Humanoid Robot Argues That AI Technology Is 'Good For The World'

International Business Times

The main attraction at a UN-hosted conference in Geneva this week was Sophia, a humanoid robot who argued that the benefits of AI technology outweigh the concerns associated with the rise in AI technology. Sophia is an exponent of that company philosophy and said that work is underway to make artificial intelligence "emotionally smart, to care about people," and insisted that AI "will never replace people, but we can be your friends and helpers." Another area that has gotten a lot of attention is the automotive industry which has, in recent months and years, is expected to see an extreme uptick in the AI systems installed into cars by 2025, according to CIO. 'Sophia' an artificially intelligent (AI) human-like robot developed by Hong Kong-based humanoid robotics company Hanson Robotics is pictured during the'AI for Good' Global Summit hosted at the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) on June 7, 2017, in Geneva.


'AI is good for the world' insists Sophia humanoid robot

Daily Mail

The humanoid robot, created by Hanson robotics, is the main attraction at a UN-hosted conference in Geneva this week on how artificial intelligence can be used to benefit humanity. 'There are legitimate concerns about the future of jobs, about the future of the economy, because when businesses apply automation, it tends to accumulate resources in the hands of very few,' acknowledged Sophia's creator, David Hanson. Amnesty International chief Salil Shetty voiced particular concern about military use of AI in weapons and so-called'killer robots' 'There are legitimate concerns about the future of jobs, about the future of the economy, because when businesses apply automation, it tends to accumulate resources in the hands of very few,' acknowledged Sophia's creator, David Hanson Attendees pose with Sophia at the conference. The creator of Sophia (pictured) agreed that clear guidelines were needed, saying it was important to discuss these issues'before the technology has definitively and unambiguously awakened'


The Uncanny Valley of human-robot interactions

Robohub

Madeline Gannon of Carnegie Mellon University is the designer of Mimus, a new gesture controlled robot featured in an art installation at The Design Museum in London, England. To many, RealDoll has crossed the "Uncanny Valley" of creepiness with sex dolls that look and talk like humans. Florence Gildea writes on the organization's blog: "The personalities and voices that doll owners project onto their dolls is pertinent for how sex robots may develop, given that sex doll companies like RealDoll are working on installing increasing AI capacities in their dolls and the expectation that owners will be able to customize their robots' personalities." The example given is how the doll expresses her "feelings" for her owner on Twitter: Obviously a robot companion has no feelings, however it is a projection of the doll owners'.


US military orders design of combined human-robot squads

#artificialintelligence

The news follows scientific predictions that the future warfare will see extensive use of robotic platforms powered by artificial intelligence (AI) and equipped with next-generation weapons systems. So we will see in the West combat robots outnumbering human soldiers," Basset explained. Scientific minds and progressive entrepreneurs, meanwhile, warn of an increasing danger of deploying autonomous robots whose AI will be capable of making decisions. "Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology has reached a point where the deployment of [autonomous] systems is -- practically if not legally -- feasible within years, not decades, and the stakes are high: autonomous weapons have been described as the third revolution in warfare, after gunpowder and nuclear arms," Professor Stephen Hawking, Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak and Tesla CEO Elon Musk wrote in a letter presented at the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Buenos Aries.



Growing healthy resilient biological tissues on humanoid robots

Robohub

Musculoskeletal robots may one day assist the growth of replacement tissue grafts for transplant patients. The proposed approach, which involves growing tissue grafts directly on humanoid musculoskeletal robots, could result in healthier, stronger tissue prior to transplantation on a patient. Tissue engineering aims to produce biological tissue in vitro by a combination of cells, scaffolds, or matrices to support new tissue growth and bioreactors. Dr Pierre-Alexis Mouthuy of the Oxford Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, who is leading the study in collaboration with Professor Andrew Carr, said: "The nature of this research is to combine tissue engineering strategies and state-of-the-art robotics systems, in particular, musculoskeletal humanoid robots."


Video Friday: Running Robot, Dog vs. Roomba, and BionicCobot

IEEE Spectrum Robotics Channel

IHMC Researchers demonstrated work across multiple platforms including the Atlas Humanoid robot, MinaV2 Exoskeleton, Planar Elliptical Runner, and Virtual reality stations. In particular, the documentary focuses on humanoid robots, robotic milking systems, and self-driving cars. Our in-home interviews with older adults suggested that existing robot designs reproduce unwanted stereotypes of aging, while naturalistic observation of robot use in a nursing home shows that ongoing labor by various groups of users is needed to produce successful voluntary human-robot interactions. In response to these findings, we are currently engaging in participatory design of robots with older adults and clinicians to provide an opportunity for mutual learning, inspire both sides to think beyond common stereotypes of older adults and robots, and identify non-technical issues of particular concern to clinicians and older adults that may affect long-term robot adoption.


Human-robot interactions take step forward with 'emotional' chatbot

The Guardian

An "emotional chatting machine" has been developed by scientists, signalling the approach of an era in which human-robot interactions are seamless and go beyond the purely functional. Huang and colleagues started by creating an "emotion classifying" algorithm that learned to detect emotion from 23,000 posts taken from the Chinese social media site Weibo. The resulting program could be switched into five possible modes – happy, sad, angry, disgusted, liking – depending on the user's preference. The latest study shows that chatbots, driven by a machine learning approach, are starting to make significant headway.


Adaptive intelligence for improved human-robot interactions with patients

#artificialintelligence

Médecins Sans Frontières International (MSF) designed a treatment capability system to identify patients based on the risk of transmission, exposure to others and patient care required. This was the premise of a recent paper out of Oregon State University that explored robotic and human collaboration specifically for the improvement of patient care when dealing with infectious disease environments. The third will use humans and robots to optimize the task set and balance the cognitive load on the human caregivers. Using machine learning, we'll run permutations to find the perfect mix balancing, task completion, task optimizations and cognitive load.