AI-Alerts


DAVID BRIN: How Might Artificial Intelligence Come About?

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Those fretfully debating artificial intelligence (AI) might best start by appraising the half dozen general pathways under exploration in laboratories around the world. While these general approaches overlap, they offer distinct implications for what characteristics emerging, synthetic minds might display, including (for example) whether it will be easy or hard to instill human-style ethical values. Most problematic may be those efforts taking place in secret. The "Moore's Law crossing" argument is appraised, in light of discoveries that brain computation may involve much more than just synapses. Will efforts to develop Sympathetic Robotics tweak compassion from humans long before automatons are truly self-aware? It is argued that most foreseeable problems might be dealt with the same way that human versions of oppression and error are best addressed -- via reciprocal accountability. For this to happen, there should be diversity of types, designs and minds, interacting under fair competition in a generally open environment. As varied concepts from science fiction are reified by rapidly advancing technology, some trends are viewed worriedly by our smartest peers. Portions of the intelligencia -- typified by Google's Ray Kurzweil [1] -- foresee AI, or Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) as likely to bring good news, perhaps even transcendence for members of the Olde Race of bio-organic humanity 1.0. Others, such as Stephen Hawking and Francis Fukuyama, warn that the arrival of sapient, or supersapient machinery may bring an end to our species -- or at least its relevance on the cosmic stage -- a potentiality evoked in many a lurid Hollywood film. Swedish philosopher Nicholas Bostrom, in Superintelligence [2], suggests that even advanced AIs who obey their initial, human defined goals will likely generate "instrumental subgoals" such as self-preservation, cognitive enhancement, and resource acquisition. In one nightmare scenario, Bostrom posits an AI that -- ordered to "make paperclips" -- proceeds to overcome all obstacles and transform the solar system into paper clips. A variant on this theme makes up the grand arc in the famed "three laws" robotic series by science fiction author Isaac Asimov [3]. Taking middle ground, SpaceX/Tesla entrepreneur Elon Musk has joined with YCombinator founder Sam Altman to establish OpenAI [4], an endeavor that aims to keep artificial intelligence research -- and its products -- accountable by maximizing transparency and accountability. As one who has promoted those two key words for a quarter of a century, I wholly approve [5].


Alexa, Siri, Apple TV: Are Amazon And Apple Putting Their Rivalry Aside?

International Business Times

Apple and Amazon are fierce competitors, especially now that the iPhone maker has released its own home speaker. However, the companies seem to have been putting their differences aside lately. This year, Amazon and Apple introduced changes that goes beyond their rivalry, with the most recent move announced this week at the Worldwide Developers Conference. The Apple logo is displayed at a store in the central business district of Sydney, April 6, 2017. Apple announced the Amazon video app will finally come to the Apple TV worldwide this year.


Artificial Intelligence Systems Can Now Predict When You Will Die

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Artificial Intelligence systems are becoming the new warriors in disease diagnosis and can even accurately predict when you are going to die. Scientists at the University Of Adelaide in Australia have developed an Artificial Intelligence system that can accurately predict a human's life expectancy. The system was developed through research that examined the CT scan of 48 patients. Looking at the scans, the deep learning algorithms gave a'diagnosis' of whether the patient would die within 5 years. The prediction has a 69% accuracy rate, a score'similar' to the accuracy of human doctors.


Alexa is coming to Amazon Fire tablets

USATODAY

Amazon's Alexa voice assistant is rolling out to your Amazon Fire tablet, allowing you to get similar functionality of the Amazon Echo speaker but on your tablet instead. A link has been sent to your friend's email address. A link has been posted to your Facebook feed. Amazon's Alexa voice assistant is rolling out to your Amazon Fire tablet, allowing you to get similar functionality of the Amazon Echo speaker but on your tablet instead.


How Machine Learning is Changing the Future of Digital Businesses - Dataconomy

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A major part of the strategy should include machine learning (ML) solutions. The implementation of these solutions could change how these enterprises view customer value and internal operating model today. If you want to stay ahead of the game, then you cannot afford to wait for that to happen. Your digital business needs to move towards automation now while ML technology is developing rapidly. Machine learning algorithms learn from huge amounts of structured and unstructured data, e.g.


You Look Familiar. Now Scientists Know Why.

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Just 200 face cells are required to identify a face, the biologists say. After discovering how its features are encoded, the biologists were able to reconstruct the faces a monkey was looking at just by monitoring the pattern in which its face cells were firing. The finding needs to be confirmed in other laboratories. But, if correct, it could help understand how the brain encodes all seen objects, as well as suggesting new approaches to artificial vision. "Cracking the code for faces would definitely be a big deal," said Brad Duchaine, an expert on face recognition at Dartmouth.


Six years in, consumers still mixed about Siri

USATODAY

Consumers are still mixed about Siri, but according to an exclusive new poll for USA TODAY, they like her more than other personal assistants.


Google Waymo Self-Driving Cars Project Now Includes Testing Driverless Truck Technology

International Business Times

Alphabet's self-driving car company Waymo is testing autonomous truck technology, according to BuzzFeed. Waymo confirmed to BuzzFeed its move after the outlet learned of the move through a photograph. The company said it was manually driving the vehicle on a public road to collect data. "Self-driving technology can transport people and things much more safely than we do today and reduce the thousands of trucking-related deaths each year," a Waymo spokesperson told BuzzFeed. "We're taking our eight years of experience in building self-driving hardware and software and conducting a technical exploration into how our technology can integrate into a truck."


Apple Inc. works on a devoted AI chip

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Apple Inc. works on a devoted AI chip. Bloomberg reported that the company is building its own processor for artificial intelligence. Moreover, the tech giant named it Apple Neural Engine. Google already built its AI dedicated chip which is called, TPU [Tensor Processor Unit]. Introducing Siri in 2011, Apple Inc. was ahead in the Artificial Intelligence [AI] race.Users can operate their smartphones using Siri with voice commands.


Is China Outsmarting America in A.I.?

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Sören Schwertfeger finished his postdoctorate research on autonomous robots in Germany, and seemed set to go to Europe or the United States, where artificial intelligence was pioneered and established. Instead, he went to China. "You couldn't have started a lab like mine elsewhere," Mr. Schwertfeger said. The balance of power in technology is shifting. China, which for years watched enviously as the West invented the software and the chips powering today's digital age, has become a major player in artificial intelligence, what some think may be the most important technology of the future.