I propose to consider the question, "Can Machines Think?"
- Alan Mathison Turing, Computing Machinery and Intelligence, Mind 59, 1950, p. 433-460
Alan Turing proposed an operational test of intelligence as a replacement for the philosophical question, "Can machines think?" Variations of this test have been used to assess performance levels of many AI programs. A restricted adaptation of the Turing Test popularized by the Loebner Competition has been fun, although currently many AI scientists criticize the restricted version of the test because it does not provide insights into the mechanisms of thought. Turing's contributions to mathematics, computer science and early AI extend well beyond his seminal paper proposing the test.