AI and Simulation

"The construction of computer programs that simulate aspects of social behaviour can contribute to the understanding of social processes. Most social science research either develops or uses some kind of theory or model, for instance, a theory of cognition or a model of the class system. Generally, such theories are stated in textual form, although sometimes the theory is represented as an equation (for example, in structural equation modelling). A third way is to express theories as computer programs." - Gilbert, Nigel

Image from Wikipedia.