Classic Articles & Books

We have collected titles for about 2000 publications before 1995 that have been influential in the development of AI, for example, by introducing new concepts or methods or demonstrating a proof-of-concept.  As part of our virtual archive, we are adding URLs for onlne versions when we can find them.  Some publications have been digitized and put online here if they are not otherwise available.

Click on the title to see the digitized full text when it is available. Reorder the list by date, title, or author by clicking on one of the column headers in the classics table.

Information about the sources we used and the process for selecting entries may be found on the page Information about the Virtual Archive.

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Authors Title Year Topics
Rubin, D. Using the SIR algorithm to simulate posterior distributions 1988
Russell, S. J. Tree-structured bias 1988
Shoham, Yoav and Nita Goyal Temporal reasoning 1988 Representation & Reasoning
Shrobe, Howard Exploring Artificial Intelligence 1988
Sietsma, J. and Dow, R. J. F. Neural net pruning—Why and how 1988
Smolensky, P. On the proper treatment of connectionism 1988
Sutton, R. S. Learning to predict by the methods of temporal differences 1988
Sutton, Richard S. Learning to predict by the methods of temporal difference 1988 Machine Learning, Reinforcement Learning
Swartout, William DARPA Santa Cruz workshop on planning 1988
Sycara, K. Resolving goal conflicts via negotiation 1988
van Harmelen, F. and Bundy, A. Explanation-based generalisation = partial evaluation 1988 Machine Learning
Webber, B. L. Tense as discourse anaphor 1988 Discourse & Dialogue
Wellman, M. P. Formulation of Tradeoffs in Planning under Uncertainty 1988 Planning & Scheduling
Wilkins, D. E. Practical Planning: Extending the AI Planning Paradigm 1988
Witkin, Andrew and Michael Kass Spacetime Constraints 1988 Interface Technologies & Devices, Constraint-Based Reasoning
Agre, P. E. and Chapman, D. Pengi: an implementation of a theory of activity 1987 Representation & Reasoning
Bertsekas, D. Dynamic Programming: Deterministic and Stochastic Models 1987 Constraint-Based Reasoning
Bratman, M. E. Intention, Plans, and Practical Reason 1987 Planning & Scheduling
Brna, P. Confronting science misconceptions with the help of a computer. 1987 Computational Philosophy
Canny, J. and Reif, J. New lower bound techniques for robot motion planning problems 1987 Robot Planning & Action
Chapman, David Planning for conjunctive goals 1987
Clancey, W. J. Knowledge Based Tutoring: The GUIDON Program 1987 Intelligent Tutoring, Representation & Reasoning
Clarke, E. and Grumberg, O. Research on automatic verification of finite-state concurrent systems 1987
Davies, T. R. and Russell, S. J. A logical approach to reasoning by analogy 1987 Representation & Reasoning, Analogical Reasoning
Dechter, R. and Pearl, J. Network-based heuristics for constraint-satisfaction problems 1987
Dickmanns, E. D. and Zapp, A. Autonomous high speed road vehicle guidance by computer vision 1987
Durfee, E. H., Lesser, V. R., and Corkill, D. D. Coherent cooperation among communicating problem solvers 1987 Multi-Agent Systems
Fahhnan, Scott and Geoffrey Hinton Connectionist architectures for artificial intelligence 1987
Featherstone, R. Robot Dynamics Algorithms 1987
Genesereth, M. R. and Nilsson, N. J. Logical Foundations of Artificial Intelligence 1987
George, Michael P. and Amy L. Lansky Reactive Reasoning and Planning: An Experiment with a Mobile Robot 1987 Planning & Scheduling, Robots
Golding, A. R., Rosenbloom, P. S. & Laird, J. E. Learning general search control from outside guidance, 1987
Grosz, Barbara J. et al. TEAM: An Experiment in the Design of Transportable Natural-Language Interfaces 1987
Hinton, G. E. and Nowlan, S. J. How learning can guide evolution 1987
Hirsh, H. Explanation-based generalization in a logic programming environment 1987
Hobbs, Jerry R., and Stuart M. Shieber, An Algorithm for Generating Quantifier Scopings 1987
Horvitz, E. J. Problem-solving design: Reasoning about computational value, trade-offs, and resources 1987
Howe, D. The computational behaviour of girard’s paradox 1987
Jaffar, J. and Lassez, J.-L. Constraint logic programming 1987
Koditschek, D. Exact robot navigation by means of potential functions: some topological considerations 1987
Korf, R. E. Planning as search: A quantitative approach 1987 Planning & Scheduling
Laird, J., Newell, A., and Rosenbloom, P. S. SOAR: An architecture for general intelligence 1987 Cognitive Science, Cognitive Architectures, Representation & Reasoning, Systems & Languages, Problem-Independent Architectures
Lakoff, G. Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things: What Categories Reveal About the Mind 1987
Lansky, Amy and Michael P. Georgeff Reactive Reasoning and Planning 1987
Larkin, J.H. and H.A. Simon Why a Diagram is (sometimes) Worth Ten Thousand Words 1987 Cognitive Science, Problem Solving, Representation & Reasoning, Diagrammatic Reasoning
Levesque, H. J. and Brachman, R. J. Expressiveness and tractability in knowledge representation and reasoning 1987
Lowe, D. Three-dimensional object recognition from single two-dimensional images 1987
McDermott, D. A critique of pure reason 1987
Minsky, Marvin The Society of Mind 1987 AI Overview, Goals & Visions, Systems & Languages, Problem-Independent Architectures
Papadimitriou, C. H. and Tsitsiklis, J. N. The complexity of Markov decision processes 1987