Classic Articles & Books

We have collected titles for about 2000 publications before 1995 that have been influential in the development of AI, for example, by introducing new concepts or methods or demonstrating a proof-of-concept.  As part of our virtual archive, we are adding URLs for onlne versions when we can find them.  Some publications have been digitized and put online here if they are not otherwise available.

Click on the title to see the digitized full text when it is available. Reorder the list by date, title, or author by clicking on one of the column headers in the classics table.

Information about the sources we used and the process for selecting entries may be found on the page Information about the Virtual Archive.

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Authors Title Year Topics
Rabiner, L. R. and Juang, B.-H. Fundamentals of Speech Recognition 1993 Speech, Speech Recognition
Riloff, E. Automatically constructing a dictionary for information extraction tasks 1993
Rosenbloom, Paul S., John E. Laird, and Allen Newell (eds.) The SOAR Papers: Research on Integrated Intelligence 1993 Cognitive Architectures, People, Programs, Institutions
Sayre, K. Three more flaws in the computational model 1993
Selfridge, Oliver G. The Gardens of Learning: A Vision for AI 1993 AI Overview, Goals & Visions, Machine Learning, Neural Networks
Selman, B. and Levesque, H. J. The complexity of path-based defeasible inheritance 1993
Shoham, Yoav Agent-oriented programming 1993
Sleator, D. and Temperley, D. Parsing English with a link grammar 1993
Spiegelhalter, D. J., Dawid, A. P., Lauritzen, S., and Cowell, R. Bayesian analysis in expert systems 1993
Spirtes, P., Glymour, C., and Scheines, R. Causation, prediction, and search 1993 Computational Philosophy
Tadepalli, P. Learning from queries and examples with tree-structured bias 1993
Towell, G. & J. Shavlik Extracting refined rules from knowledge-based neural networks, 1993
Veloso, M. and Carbonell, J. G. Derivational analogy in PRODIGY: Automating case acquisition, storage, and utilization 1993 Machine Learning, Analogical Reasoning
Vinge, V. The coming technological singularity: How to survive in the post-human era 1993
Williams, R. J. and Baird, L. C. I. Tight performance bounds on greedy policies based on imperfect value functions 1993 Heuristic Search
Wu, D. Estimating probability distributions over hypotheses with variable unification 1993
Bacchus, F., Grove, A., Halpern, J. Y., and Koller, D. From statistics to beliefs 1992 Uncertainty
Bar-Shalom, Y. (Ed.) Multitarget/Multisensor Tracking: Advanced Applications 1992 Applications, Vision
Boser, B. E. , I. M. Guyon and V. N. Vapnik A training algorithm for optimum margin classifiers 1992 Machine Learning, Learning Theory
Boser, B., Guyon, I., and Vapnik, V. N. A training algorithm for optimal margin classifiers 1992 Machine Learning
Bratman, M. E. Planning and the stability of intention 1992 Planning & Scheduling
Breese, J. S. Construction of belief and decision networks 1992 Representation & Reasoning
Bylander, T. Complexity results for serial decomposability 1992
Charniak, E. and Goldman, R. A Bayesian model of plan recognition 1992 Bayesian Inference, Planning & Scheduling
Congdon, C. B., Huber, M., Kortenkamp, D., Bidlack, C., Cohen, C., Huffman, S., Koss, F., Raschke, U., and Weymouth, T. CARMEL versus Flakey: A comparison of two robots 1992
Cooper, G. and Herskovits, E. A Bayesian method for the induction of probabilistic networks from data 1992
Darwiche, A. and Ginsberg, M. L. A symbolic generalization of probability theory 1992
Dayan, P. The convergence of TD(lambda) for general lambda 1992
De Raedt, L. Interactive Theory Revision: An Inductive Logic Programming Approach 1992
Dechter, R. Constraint networks 1992
Dreyfus, H. L. What Computers Still Can't Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason 1992 Arguments Against AI
Duzeroski, S., Muggleton, S. H., and Russell, S. J. PAC-learnability of determinate logic programs 1992
Ferguson, T. Mate with knight and bishop in kriegspiel 1992 Chess
Garding, J. Shape from texture for smooth curved surfaces in perspective projection 1992
Guibas, L. J., Knuth, D. E., and Sharir, M. Randomized incremental construction of Delaunay and Voronoi diagrams 1992
Hamscher,W., Console, L., and Kleer, J. D. Readings in Model-based Diagnosis 1992
Hansson, O., Mayer, A., and Yung, M. Criticizing solutions to relaxed models yields powerful admissible heuristics 1992
Hunter, L. and States, D. J. Bayesian classification of protein structure 1992 Applications, Chemistry, Representation & Reasoning, Bayesian Inference
Jaffar, J., Michaylov, S., Stuckey, P. J., and Yap, R. H. C. The CLP language and system 1992
Johnston, M. D. and Adorf, H.-M. Scheduling with neural networks: The case of the Hubble space telescope 1992
Kautz, H. and Selman, B. Planning as satisfiability 1992
Kjaerulff, U. A computational scheme for reasoning in dynamic probabilistic networks 1992
Koutsoupias, E. and Papadimitriou, C. H. On the greedy algorithm for satisfiability 1992
Koza, J. R. Genetic Programming: On the Programming of Computers by Means of Natural Selection 1992
Kumar, V. Algorithms for constraint satisfaction problems: A survey 1992 Constraint-Based Reasoning
Lazanas, A. and Latombe, J.-C. Landmarkbased robot navigation 1992
Leonard, J. and Durrant-Whyte, H. Directed sonar sensing for mobile robot navigation 1992
Letz, R., Schumann, J., Bayerl, S., and Bibel, W. SETHEO: A high-performance theorem prover 1992
Levesque, Hector, David Mitchell, Bart Selman A New Method for Solving Hard Satisfiability Problems 1992
Levesque, Hector, David Mitchell, Bart Selman Hard and Easy SAT Problems 1992